Ankle & Foot Muscles

Tibialis Posterior Muscle

The Tibialis Posterior is the deepest of all the calf muscles. It helps to support the arch of the foot.

Tibialis Anterior Muscle

Tibialis anterior forms the main fleshy part of the outside of the shin. It is a dorsiflexor of the ankle.

Soleus Muscle

Soleus is a large large muscle, deep to Gastrocnemius. Together the Gastrocnemius, Soleus and Plantaris are known as Triceps Surae. Soleus is used constantly in standing to maintain an upright position.

Peroneus Longus Muscle

Peroneus Longus is one of the peroneals muscle group which pass down the outside of the lower leg and evert (turn out) the foot. These muscles are sometimes referred to as fibularis longus and brevis due to their attchments on the fibula.

Peroneus Brevis Muscle

Peroneus Brevis is one of the peroneals muscle group which pass down the outside of the lower leg and evert (turn outwards) the foot. These muscles are sometimes referred to as Fibularis brevis and longus due to their attchments on the fibula.

Gastrocnemius Muscle

Gastrocnemius is the largest and most superficial of the calf muscles. Together the Gastrocnemius, Soleus and Plantaris are known as Triceps Surae. The Gastrocnemius is the main propellant in walking and running.

Flexor Hallucis Longus Muscle

Flexor Hallucis Longus bends the big toe when you curl up your foot. It is called 'Hallucis' as the word Hallux means great or big toe in latin. This muscle also supports the longitudinal arch of the foot.

Flexor Digitorum Longus Muscle

Flexor Digitorum Longus causes the toes to grip and mold to the floors surface which is vital in maintaining balance on rough surfaces. The tendons pass under the foot. Walking barefoot on an uneven surface is an excellent exercise for this muscle.

Extensor Hallucis Longus Muscle

The extensor hallucis longus is the only muscle responaible for extending (pulling back) the big toe.

Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle

Extensor digitorum longus (often shortened to EDL) is found in the front of the lower leg, in the outer more muscle bound compartment.


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