Extensor Hallucis Longus

The extensor hallucis longus is the only muscle responaible for extending (pulling back) the big toe.

Origin

  • Middle 2/3 of the inner surface of the front of the fibula

Insertion

  • Distal phalanx of the big toe

Actions

  • Extension of the big toe
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion

Innervation

  • Peroneal (fibular) nerve

Daily uses

  • Walking up the stairs it pulls the big toe up to clear the step

Example strengthening exercises

Related injuries

Related muscles