Acute Elbow Injuries
Acute elbow injuries are of sudden onset and caused by a sudden impact or trauma. They include bone fractures, elbow dislocations, ligament sprains and tendon ruptures and are usually caused by a fall onto the arm or elbow or a collision in contact sports.
A radial head fracture is a break to the radius bone in the forearm just below the elbow joint and usually occurs as a result of a fall onto an outstretched hand.
The medial collateral (MCL) ligament of the elbow is situated on the inner elbow and helps to provide stability to the joint. Damage to this ligament can occur through an impact injury or an accident or from repetitive overuse, for example throwing with poor technique.
The ulnar nerve runs down the inside of the elbow. If you knock the inside of the elbow you can get a numbness or buzzing down the forearm into the forth and fifth fingers (hitting your funny bone). It is the ulnar nerve that is being hit when this happens.
A bruised elbow or elbow contusion usually occurs as a result of a fall or impact to the elbow.
Avulsion fracture of the medial epiconyle is when the tendon comes away from the bone and can take part of the bone with it.
An elbow hyperextension injury occurs when the elbow is bent back the wrong way. This over-straightening causes damage to the ligaments and structures of the elbow.
An elbow fracture is a break in one of the bones which form the elbow joint. There are three bones which could be broken. These are the Humerus (upper arm bone), Ulna and Radius (two forearm bones).
Elbow dislocations are the second most common dislocations in adults, behind shoulder dislocations. The elbow is a very stable joint and so it requires a lot of force to dislocate it.