Face & Eye Injuries
Facial injuries include fractures of the bones of the face and jaw and are usually caused by direct impact or trauma. Similarly many eye injuries are caused by foriegn body or infection in the eye. As with any head injury it is avisable to seek medical advice with any injury to the face, eyes or teeth.
Nose bleeds occur usually after an impact to the nose and may be associated with a fracture. However, they can occur after relatively minor injuries or be completely spontaneous.
Facial fractures are breaks in any of the bones which form the face. These are the mandible or lower jaw, maxilla consisting of upper jaw and nose and the zygomatic bones or cheeks.
A detached retina occurs when the lining at the back of the eye starts to pull away from the blood vessels at the back of the eye. This can lead to blindness so should be treated quickly.
A corneal laceration is a tear or cut of the cornea - the front lining of the eyeball. It is usually caused by something sharp flying into the eye, or an impact from something sharp.
A cornea abrasion is a scratch on the cornea of the eye from an external object. This might be a finger, a twig or small pieces of paper or gravel blown up in the wind.
A stye which is sometimes called a hordeolum on the eye occurs when a gland on the eyelid becomes infected. This can occur on the inside or outside of the eyelid and looks like a spot or pimple.
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is an inflammation of the membrane covering the white of the eyes and the underside of the eyelids. There are numerous causes of the condition which is relatively common although not usually serious.
A foreign body in the eye is a small object which enters and gets stuck in the eye. This may be something which sticks to the front of the eye or gets trapped under the eyelids without actually entering the eye.
A black eye is a bruising of the soft tissues surrounding the eye. Also known as an eye contusion it usually happens following an impact or trauma to the eye.
Hyphema is bleeding within the front chamber of the eye, between the iris and cornea. This is usually caused by a direct impact to the eye from a blunt object.
Temporomandibular joint disorder or dysfunction is a problem with the joint between the jaw bone or mandible and the skull. These joints are located just in front of the ears.