Head injuries in sport can range from a mild headache caused by impact or dehydration up to severe concussion or worse. A head injury should always be taken seriously and medical attention should be sought. Symptoms may also develop over time where the player feels ok initially but over the next few days more noticeable symptoms occur or become worse. Below we list a number of sports injuries causing a head injury.
A concussion is a very serious condition that is often seen in sport and more and more incidents are being reported in a sport. It can range from very mild to very severe depending on the circumstances and it is usually caused by a sudden impact to the head from a traumatic (contact) event.
Headaches are an extremely common complaint. They vary in pain intensity, pattern and location from individual to individual. Although irritating the majority of headaches do not require medical intervention.
A skull fracture is a break to one of the bones which form the head. These include the cranium at the back of the head, parietal bones on the side and frontal bone or forehead.
Migraines are a severe form of a headache, usually accompanied by other symptoms. These are often related to vision although may also include other symptoms such as nausea, dizziness or pins and needles.
An intracerebral hematoma occurs when one or more blood vessels in the brain rupture, usually as a result of a head injury. It is a medical emergency which can be fatal and so all head injuries should be investigated.
Post-concussion syndrome is a complication of concussion which is a group of symptoms that occur after the main symptoms of the initial head injury has cleared.
A chronic subdural intracranial hematoma is a blood clot on the surface of the brain, between the brain and the dura or thick outer lining. This is a chronic condition as the clot forms slowly over the course of several days.
A subarachnoid intracranial hematoma is a bleed into the subarachnoid space, between the brain and the thin tissue that covers it. It is most frequently caused by a head injury, although can occur due to other medical conditions.
An acute subdural hematoma is a blood clot which develops between the brain and the dura mater (the brains outer covering). This is caused by a head injury which tears the veins on the brains surface.