Cauliflower Ear (aka Hematoma Auris) is a deformity of the outer ear, caused by repetitive friction or impact. It is common in those who take part in contact sports without head protection such as rugby, boxing and wrestling.
Symptoms of Cauliflower Ear
Cauliflower ear is a result of repeated injury and so may be symptom free. The initial injuries are usually contusions, symptoms of which include pain, swelling, bruising and a deformed appearance of the outer ear. In severe cases, hearing may be affected, with a loss of hearing and a ringing in the ears (known as tinnitus) being common complaints.
Initial treatment of contusions should include:
- Ice or other forms of cold therapy.
- Anti-inflammatories may be prescribed.
- Blood may be drained through an incision in the skin of the ear.
- A compressive dressing may be applied.
- Anti-biotics may be administered.
- If a cauliflower ear causes hearing problems, the individual should be referred to an ear, nose and throat specialist.