The five adductor muscles can become inflamed through overuse or following injury. Symptoms include pain in the groin at the top of the adductor muscles that can radiate down the leg.
Symptoms of Groin Muscle Inflammation?
- Pain in the groin at the top of the adductor muscles that can radiate down the leg.
- Pain on resisted hip adduction (pulling the leg inwards).
- Pain on resisted hip flexion (raising the thigh).
- Pain at a specific point on the bone in the groin.
- Difficulty in running especially sprinting or changing direction.
What are the Adductor Muscles?
There are five Adductor muscles in total, which are divided into short and long adductors. The Pectineus, Adductor brevis and Adductor longus go from the pelvis to the thigh bone and so are termed short adductors. Gracilis and Adductor magnus go from the pelvis to the inner knee and so are long adductors. The main function of these muscles is to pull the legs together. They are also used quite a lot in sprinting, playing football, horse riding and hurdling.
Inflammation of the tendons (tendonitis) that attach the muscles to the bone can occur. It can occur through overuse or as a result of a previous injury such as a groin strain.
Treatment of Groin Muscle Inflammation
What can the athlete do?
- Rest. This is important.
- Apply cold therapy
- Maintain fitness by cycling if you can do it pain free.
- See a sports injury professional who can advise on rehabilitation.
What can a sports injury specialist or doctor do?
- Prescribe anti-inflammatory medication e.g. ibuprofen.
- Use ultrasound or laser treatment.
- Prescribe a full rehabilitation programme to avoid re-injury.
- Use sports massage techniques to aid healing.