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Knee Injuries

Below we have over 50 knee injuries. Use the filters on the left and tick the symptoms or location of pain that applies to you in order to narrow the causes of your knee pain.

Back of the knee
Front of the knee
Inside of the knee
Knee joint pain
Outside of the knee
Affects children
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset
Swelling
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ACL Injury

An ACL sprain or injury is a tear to the anterior curicate ligament, usually from a sudden twisting of the knee. Symptoms include knee joint pain

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Acute Patellar Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. A fracture of the patella is also possible.

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Articular Cartilage Injury

A Bakers Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee.

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Bakers Cyst

A Bakers Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee. It is usually caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint.

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Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy

The biceps femoris is one of the hamstring muscles which insert at the back of the knee.

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Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion

A tendon avulsion occurs when the biceps femoris muscle pulls a small piece of the bone away.

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Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap with symptoms similar to patellofemoral pain.

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Coronary Ligament Sprain

A coronary ligament sprain has very similar symptoms to that of a torn meniscus and so is often incorrectly diagnosed. Symptoms include sharp pain on twisting movements,

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Dislocated Knee

A dislocated knee is where the femur or thigh bone and the tibia or shin bone are moved apart. This is different to a patella dislocation

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Distal Femoral Growth Plate Injury

A distal femoral growth plate injury is usually a fracture to the growth plate of the femur or thigh bone at the knee joint end of the bone.

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Fat Pad Impingement

The infrapatella fat pad also known as Hoffa's pad is a soft tissue that lies beneath the kneecap which can get impinged causing tenderness around the bottom of the kneecap.

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Hamstring Tendon Rupture

A full or partial rupture can occur in the hamstring tendons as they insert into the back of the knee causing a sudden sharp pain at the back of the knee with swelling,

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Housemaid's Knee

Housemaids Knee also known as prepatellar bursitis or knee bursitis is a swelling of the bursa or small sack of fluid at the front of the knee.

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome causes pain on the outside of the knee which is caused by friction of the iliotibial band on the side of the knee.

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Infrapatellar Bursitis

Infrapatellar bursitis symptoms consist of pain at the front of the knee with swelling over the area of the infrapatella bursa.

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Jumpers Knee

Jumpers knee or patellar tendonitis is pain in the tendon which attaches the kneecap or patella to the top of the shin bone or tibia.

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Knee Contusion

A knee contusion or bruised knee occurs due to an impact on the knee. This can be due to a fall directly onto the knee or something hitting the knee, such as a ball or club.

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Knee Sprain

A knee sprain is an injury or damage to any of the four ligaments which support the knee. Pain, swelling and loss of function are common.

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Knee Supports & Braces

With so many knee supports and knee braces on the market these days it is very easy to become confused as to which is the best one for you.

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Knee Synovitis

Knee synovitis occurs when the synovial membrane which lines and lubricates the knee joint, becomes inflamed. Symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness.

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Lateral Knee Ligament Sprain

A lateral ligament sprain is a knee ligament injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee and is most likely following a direct blow to the inside of the knee.

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Lateral Meniscus Tear

Each knee joint has two crescent shaped cartilage menisci which cushion and support the knee.

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Medial Knee Ligament Injury

A medial ligament sprain or MCL injury is damage to the ligament on the inside of the knee. It is often caused by twisting or an impact to the outside of the knee.

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Medial Meniscus Tear

A medial ligament sprain or MCL injury is damage to the ligament on the inside of the knee. It is often caused by twisting or an impact to the outside of the knee.

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Osgood Schlatters Disease

Osgood Schlatters disease is a very common cause of pain in children between the ages of 10 and 15 years old just below the knee at the top of the tibia or shin bone.

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Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis knee pain is a deep aching pain in the inner knee that is worse after exercise. Stiffness in the joint is common,

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Osteochondral Knee Fracture

An Osteochondral fracture is a tear of the cartilage which covers the end of a bone, within a joint. This is common in the knee joint,

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Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis Dissecans is a knee injury which is common in adolescents. It can also occasionally affect other joints, such as the elbow and ankle.

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Patella Dislocation

The patella can dislocate outside of its normal position, usually round the outside of the knee. It can also partially dislocate, called a subluxation.

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Patellar Tendon Rupture

The patellar tendon connects the kneecap to the shin bone. A partial rupture of this tendon is often from a jumping or explosive load on the tendon.

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Patellofemoral instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap slipping away or feeling loose on movement of the knee.

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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runners knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term

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Peroneal Nerve Injury

Symptoms of a peroneal nerve injury, also known as peroneal neuropathy include numbness or tingling in the front and or side of the lower leg.

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Pes Anserine Tendinopathy - Bursitis

Pes anserine tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon on the inside of the knee.

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Popliteus Injury

The Popliteus is a small muscle located at the back of the knee joint. An injury or strain to the muscle or tendon can cause pain at the back of the knee.

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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

The posterior cruciate ligament is important for stabilizing the knee and preventing it from bending back the wrong way.

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Posterolateral Corner Injury

Posterolateral corner injuries cause pain at the back and outside of the knee. They are not particularly common injuries,

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Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation

Dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint occurs most commonly when the athlete sustains an impact or falls

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Q Angle of the Knee

The Q angle of the knee is a measurement of the angle between the quadriceps muscles and the patella tendon and provides useful information about the alignment

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Quadriceps Tendinopathy

Overuse can cause pain and inflammation of the quadriceps tendon as it inserts into the top of the kneecap. Over time this can lead to degeneration of the tendon.

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Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

Ruptures of the quadriceps tendon mainly occur in middle aged individuals during sporting activities. The most common mode of injury is landing from a jump.

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Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Lesion

Symptoms of Sinding-Larseon-Johansson syndrome will usually effect adolescents and include pain at the front of the knee which gets worse during and after exercise.

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Synovial Plica Irritation

The synovial plica is a synovial fold found along the inside of the knee cap causing pain and discomfort. It may sometimes be confused with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

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Tibial Plateau Fracture

The tibial plateau is the upper surface of the tibia or shin bone. It is prone to becoming fractured in high speed accidents such as those associated with skiing,

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Unhappy Triad of the Knee

The unhappy triad, also known as the terrible triad, or o'donoghues triad is a severe knee injury.

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Back of the knee
Front of the knee
Inside of the knee
Knee joint pain
Outside of the knee
Affects children
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset
Swelling