Sports Podiatrist Ian Sadler talks about the biomechanics and causes of Iliotibial band syndrome.
IT band syndrome is a common condition in runners which usually presents with pain on the outside of the knee, although can also cause pain at the top of the band, on the outer hip. At the hip, imbalances between your TFL and glute muscles can cause the problem. At the knee, overpronation causes a rotation of the shin which causes extra traction on the band.
Some people have a naturally tighter IT band and this area can be difficult to stretch. Massage and thorough warm-ups are more effective. Essentially though, correcting any muscle imbalances and overpronation problems should be top priority.