Acute Wrist Injuries
Sudden onset injuries are called acute injuries and are usually caused by a fall onto the hand with an outstretched arm or a forced twisting movement. Damage can occur to the bones, ligaments (connect bone to bone) or tendons (connect muscle to bone) in the wrist. In the first 72 hours, the first aid principles of P.R.I.C.E. are advised including protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation. If a broken bone (fracture) is suspected, then always seek medical advice immediately.
A wrist strain is a general term used to describe pain in the wrist. This may be due to a sudden force causing an acute injury, or due to overuse, causing a repetitive strain injury.
A sprained wrist is an injury to any of the ligaments which connect bone to bone in the wrist of which there are many.
A TFCC tear is an injury to the triangular fibrocartilage complex, found in the wrist, between the end of the ulna bone and the carpals. Its function is to stabilize the radioulnar joint.
A broken wrist (or fractured wrist) is a fracture or break in the wrist end of either the radius and ulna forearm bones or any of the small carpal bones in the wrist. There are a number of different types of wrist fracture so an accurate diagnosis is essential.
The scaphoid is one of the small group of bones in the wrist called the carpal bones. It is the most common carpal bone to fracture among athletes and is often caused by falling onto an outstretched hand.
A Colles fracture is a particular type of broken wrist involving a break of the radius or forearm bone on the thumb side of the wrist.
A carpal fracture is a break to one of the small bones in the wrist. There are eight carpal bones in the wrist.
A Smith's fracture is a break at the end of the radius bone, at the wrist. The fragment of fractured bone is displaced forwards to the palm side of the wrist.
A dislocated wrist is a dislocation of any of the eight small bones called carpal bones which make up the wrist. A wrist dislocation will occur as a result of a traumatic event or fall onto the wrist.
A Bennett fracture is an injury to the base of the thumb joint usually caused by a hard impact or trauma such as punching something hard or falling onto the hand with the thumb sticking out to the side. It is a serious injury and will require surgery to avoid long-term complications.
A bruised wrist is also known as a wrist contusion. This occurs after an impact to the wrist which causes bleeding under the skin.
Bartons Fracture is a fracture of the distal radius bone at the base of the thumb. This fracture is sometimes also called a fracture dislocation.
A Triquetral Fracture is a break of the Triquetral bone or sometimes called triquetrum and is one of the eight small carpal bones in the wrist. The Triquetral is the second most commonly fractured carpal, behind the Scaphoid.
A distal radial epiphysis injury is an injury to the growth plate at the wrist end of the radius bone in the forearm.
The wrist contains a number of small bones called carpals. The hamate is a carpal bone on the outside (little finger side) of the wrist. It has a hook-shaped part which protrudes outwards can under certain circumstances be fractured.
The distal radio-ulnar joint is the joint at the wrist, between the two forearm bones the radius and the ulna. This injury is usually a subluxation or partial dislocation although fractures of either bone can be involved.