Hand & Finger Injuries
Injuries to the hand and fingers are common in sports and must be taken seriously. Injuries in this area can be very debilitating and if treated incorrectly they can have long term consequences in terms of hand and finger function.
A sprained finger occurs when the finger is bent in some way causing damage to the ligaments which connect bones together. It is a common injury in ball games such as American football, basketball, cricket, handball etc.
Trigger Finger is a form of tenosynovitis which results in the finger becoming bent in towards the palm of the hand. This can also occur in the thumb.
A thumb sprain occurs when the thumb is bent out of it's normal range of movement, usually backwards. Damage occurs to the ligaments supporting the joint at the bottom of the thumb.
A broken thumb is a fracture of either of the two small bones called phalanges which make up the thumb. A broken thumb is not as common as a broken finger.
The metacarpal bones are the five long bones in the hand. Any of these bones can be broken or fractured but the 1st metacarpal under the base of the thumb is the most commonly injured.
A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones which make up each finger.
A black fingernail is known as a subungual hematoma and is caused by a build-up of blood under a fingernail usually resulting from an impact or trauma to the finger.
The volar plate is a very thick ligament which joins two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury occurs when the finger is bent back the wrong way too far spraining or tearing the ligament.
A dislocated finger occurs when two of the finger bones, forming a joints become displaced injuring the ligaments and other soft tissue in the process.
Bowler's Thumb is an overuse injury resulting from compression or repeated friction on the inside of the thumb which causes pressure on the Ulnar nerve.
Mallet finger is an injury which results in the inability extend or straighten the end joint of a finger without assistance.
A boutonniere deformity or button hole deformity is an injury to a tendon in one of the fingers, resulting in a deformed shape. This usually occurs after an impact to a bent finger.
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the superficial and deep layers of the skin. In the finger tip, this is known as a felon.
Handlebar palsy is a name given to a condition suffered by cyclists. The symptoms are caused by compression of the ulnar nerve at the wrist against the handlebar.
A bruised hand, also known as a hand contusion occurs due to a direct trauma of the hand, resulting in bleeding and subsequent bruising. Impacts and crush injuries are the most common causes.
Dupuytren's contracture is a condition which affects the hand and fingers, causing the fingers to bend in towards the palm of the hand.
A Boxers fracture is a break to either the 4th or the 5th Metacarpals which are the long bones on the outside of the hand.