Swollen ankle

Swelling in the ankle occurs following a sudden onset or acute ankle injury or gradually over time with an overuse injury. Sudden onset ankle swelling may indicate bleeding within the joint, especially if it is warm to the touch. Gradual swelling is more likely to be a build up of synovial fluid (lubricating fluid).

Swollen ankle no pain can happen with a gradual build up of fluid and can be caused by inactivity, pregnancy, obesity, heart failure, kidney disease and others.
  • Peroneal Tendonitis

    Peroneal Tendonitis

    Peroneal tendonitis is inflammation of the peroneal tendons which run behind the lateral malleolus or the bony bit on the outside of the ankle causing and swelling on the outer ankle.

  • Sprained Ankle

    Sprained Ankle

    A sprained ankle is one of the most common sports injuries and is also the most frequently re-injured. In the majority of cases the ankle rolls inwards (inversion) under the weight of the rest of the body, resulting in damage to the ligaments on the outside of the ankle.

  • Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

    Osteochondral Lesions - Talus

    Osteochondral lesions or fractures of the cartilage which sits on top of the Talus (ankle bone), most commonly occur in combination with an ankle sprain.

  • Broken Ankle

    Broken Ankle

    A broken ankle or fractured ankle can occur from a bad ankle sprain and is a fracture to one of the bones in the ankle.

  • Dislocated Ankle

    Dislocated Ankle

    A dislocated ankle is a severe injury which usually happens in conjunction with a fracture or complete rupture of the lateral ankle ligaments. A dislocated ankle can be a posterior, anterior or superior dislocation.

  • High Ankle Sprain

    High Ankle Sprain

    A high ankle sprain is an injury to the anterior tibiofibula ligament which joins the tibia and fibula together just above the ankle.

  • Stress Fracture of the Talus

    Stress Fracture - Talus

    The talus bone is the bone at the top of the ankle which the tibia or shin bone sits on. Stress fractures of the talus are sometimes seen in footballers and track and field athletes.

  • Medial Malleolus Stress Fracture

    Medial Malleolus Stress Fracture

    The medial malleolus is the bony bit on the inside of the ankle. A stress fracture of the medial malleolus can occur but is very rare.

  • Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

    Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

    The peroneal tendon runs behind the lateral malleolus or the bony bit on the outer ankle. Repeated dislocation or slipping can mean the tendon rubs against the bone causing inflammation.

  • Tibialis Anterior Tendon Inflammation

    Tibialis Anterior - Inflammation

    The tibialis anterior muscle is the large muscle that runs down the outside of the shin. Inflammation of the tendon sheath can cause pain at the front of the ankle.

  • Potts Fracture

    Potts Fracture

    A Potts fracture is a fracture to one of the bony parts of the ankle called the malleoli. Fractures can occur to the lateral malleoli on the outside or the medial malleoli on the inside.

  • Anterior Ankle Pain

    Pain at the front of the ankle which has come on gradually rather than from a sudden twisting or trauma is ususally due to impingement or tibialis anterior tendinopathy (tendinitis). Anterior ankle impingement occurs when a bony growth at the front of the ankle bone where it meets the shin bone restricts normal ankle range of motion. Tendonitis of the large tibialis anterior muscle on the outside of the shin can occur through over use.

  • Acute Ankle Injuries

    The most common cause of ankle pain is a sprained ankle. But there are a number of other less common ankle injuries as well as important conditions and ankle injuries which should not be missed! Immediate first aid (RICE) rest, ice, compression and elevation is important for all ankle injuries, especially sprains. If the injury is severe or a fracture is suspected always seek medical advice as soon as possible.

  • Medial Ankle Pain

    Medial ankle pain or inner ankle pain refers to pain on the inside of the ankle which is not a sudden acute injury. Pain may come on gradually or from an acute injury that has not healed properly. We explain the most common causes, some less common medial ankle injuries and important conditions that should not be missed. Tibialis posterior syndrome is probably one of the more common gradual onset injuries along with stress fractures and nerve impingements. A traumatic medial ankle sprain is rare and is likely to occur with a fracture to the fibula bone at the ankle as well.

  • Lateral Ankle Pain

    Lateral ankle pain is pain on the outside of the ankle which usually develoips over time as opposed to an acute ankle injury such as a sprained ankle which happens suddenly. Chronic ankle injuries can occur after an acute ankle injury which has failed to heal properly or was not treated correctly in the beginning. The most common causes of gradual onset pain on the outside of the ankle are peroneal tendinopathy (tendinitis) and sinus tarsi syndrome.