Sports Injury Symptoms - Calf Injuries

The following are calf pain symptoms or ways people tend to describe the pain in their calf muscles.
  • Aching pain in calf

    Aching or throbbing pain in the calf muscle can be due to a calf hematoma, strain or tear. In can also be associated with throbbing calf pain. Sometimes the aching pain is referred from the back and through the nervous system aches at the calf. This referral of ache can also be from issues with the sacrum.

  • Burning calf pain

    Burning pain in the calf muscle is usually from a referred problem in the back which some people call sciatica. The feeling of burning can also occur from inflammation of the calf muscle. It can also be from a peripheral neuropathy or a strain to the calf complex.

  • Calf bruising

    Calf bruise can be from a direct blow or a tear where bleeding as occurred. Calf tear bruising can track down compartments in the posterior leg and the tear can be higher than the bruise. Torn calf muscle bruising or rupture can be from the soleus, plantaris or gastrocnemius muscles but also from the connective fascia system if injury as occurred.

  • Calf pain running

    Calf pain when running can be caused by a strain or tear but also from a biomechanical issue. In some instances calf running pain can be due to a knee alignment or issue at this joint where the calf is weak or trying to support the knee. Lower calf pain when running could be due to the deeper soleus muscle that is strain, torn or just tight.

  • Calf pain walking

    Pain in the calf when walking can be due to a biomechanical issue, strain or tear. Calf pain after walking or calf pain brought on by walking could be from a compartment issue if serious or by cramp or cramping. Tight calf muscles can also be a causing factor with calf pain on or after walking.

  • Constant calf pain

    Constant pain in the calf muscles is persistent calf pain that may get worse with activity but is still there afterwards. Constant Calf pain at rest can be from blood clots and post a flight or a period of inactivity; emergency medical intervention must be sort. Constant pain in the calf can also be from sciatica. 

  • Gradual onset calf pain

    The gradual onset of calf pain can be from a ‘niggle’ that is not treated correctly. This could be a simple strain where the calf does not have the right endurance capacity and the injury keeps reoccurring. Chronic calf pain can occur due to weakness and an ever-evolving contributing factor.

  • Inside calf pain

    Pain on the inside of the calf muscle can be from a strain or tear. The medial side calf pain can also be from issues with the medial tibia or connective fascia. Periostitis of the tibia can also elicit pain to the inside of the calf. Shin splints or stress fractures of the tibia can also cause inside calf pain.

  • Lower calf pain

    Pain in the lower part of the calf muscle can be from a strain or tear higher up and the swelling tracks down, usually where it joins the achilles tendon (musculotendon junction). Deeper in the leg where the soleus muscles is also a point of lower calf pain.

  • Point tenderness in calf muscles

    Pain at a specific point in the calf muscle. Pressing in or 'palpating' the muscle causes pain. Calf strain is the most common cause with point tenderness in the middle where the Achilles tendon joins the calf muscle. Point tenderness can also be due to a bruise where direct trauma as occurred. Injuries with this symptom are listed below:

  • Sudden calf pain

    Sudden pain in the calf muscles, also described as a shooting pain in the calf or a sharp pain in the calf. Acute calf pain is more commonly from a tear to the large gastrocnemius muscle at the back of the lower leg. Sudden calf pain can also radiate from the back where an injury such as a disc herniation as happened. Injuries with this symptom are listed below:

  • Swollen calves

    Calf swelling can be due to a tear or bleed of the muscles. Calves can also become swollen from a clot or a circulation problem such as deep vein thrombosis and venous insufficiency and may require emergency help in some cases. Swollen calf muscle or swelling in calf in most cases occur due to a musculoskeletal injury but can also be from a popliteal cyst (bakers cyst). Other injuries with this symptom are listed below: