Foot & Heel Pain
Please select the symptoms which MOST apply to you.
This feature is for information only an should not replace a qualified Doctor or Practitioner.
Foot & Heel Pain
- Abductor hallucis strain - Abductor hallucis is a muscle on the inside of the sole of the foot. It may be injured during a forceful push-off.
- Achilles bursitis - Achilles tendonitis (or tendinopathy) is a degernative condition of the achilles tendon, found at the back of the ankle. It develops gradually and causes pain and stiffness in the tendon.
- Broken toe - Broken toes can be painful and usually occur as a result of severe impact or trauma to one of the phalanges bones which make up the toes although a stress fracture can occur gradually over time.
- Bruised heel - A bruised heel is caused by repetitive impact to the heel bone when walking. It may occur in those doing lots of walking in uncushioned shoes.
- Bunions - Bunions are a painful swelling and excess bone growth on the inside of the big toe joint. It is often caused by tight fitting footwear, high heels and overpronation.
- Calcaneal fracture - A break or fracture to the heel bone following a fall, jump or direct impact.
- Calcaneal stress fracture - A calcaneal stress fracture is a break of the heel bone which develops gradually through repetitive impacts. The symptoms are very similar to those of a bruised heel.
- Cuboid syndrome - Cuboid syndrome occurs when the peroneus longus applies excess traction onto the cuboid bone causing it to sublux (partially dislocate). The injury is often associated with peroneal tendinopathy and ankle sprains.
- Dislocated toe - Dislocated toes are common among athletes, and they occur due to a direct trauma to the toe or because of an extreme sprain to the toe ligament.
- Extensor tendonitis - The extensor tendons are found on the top of the foot, one leading to each toe. Tendonitis develops gradually due to overuse of the muscle or tendons. Common causes include an increase in hill run or a change in terrain, as well as lacing the shoes too tight!
- Flexor tendonitis - The flexor tendons are found underneath the foot and leading into each toe. They connect the muscles that point the foot and toes down, to the bones. Tendonitis develops gradually due to overuse.
- Gout - Gout is a form of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid within the body which is a waste product of metabolism.
- Hallux rigidus - Hallux rigidus is a stiffening of the joint at the base of the big toe. It may also be called hallux limitus which is usually used as the condition develops and the motion at the joint decreases significantly.
- Hammer toe - A hammer toe is a condition which causes one or more of the smaller toes to become bent upwards. The toe can be straightened but if ignored may become a permanent deformity.
- Jones Fracture - A jones fracture is a break of the 5th metatarsal on the outer foot, close to the ankle bone. It is often suffered in combination with an ankle sprain.
- Lateral plantar nerve entrapment - Lateral plantar nerve entrapment causes pain radiating to the inner, lower heel and inner ankle area.
- Lisfrancs injury - Lisfranc's injury is a fracture dislocation of the medial cuneiform (one of the tarsals) and the 2nd metatarsal. It is a rare but serious injury, caused most often by car accidents.
- Medial calcaneal nerve entrapment - Medial calcaneal nerve entrapment is a compression of a branch of the same nerve affected in tarsal tunnel syndrome and so the symptoms are very similar. In this case the pain starts at the inner heel and radiates outwards, under the heel.
- Metatarsal Fracture - The metatarsals are the 5 long bones in the foot which connect the ankles to the toes. They can be injured through a direct trauma such as the foot being stamped on or by twisting the foot awkwardly.
- Metatarsalgia - Metatarsalgia is a vague term describing pain in the forefoot. It is often an inflammatory condition in the joints between the metatarsals and phalanges (toes).
- Midtarsal joint sprain - A midtarsal joint sprain is a ligament injury to one or more ligaments holding the tarsal bones together. It occurs through twisting or jarring the foot in sports which involve jumping.
- Mortons Neuroma - Morton's neuroma is a compression of a nerve between the heads of two metatarsals. This causes pain between the toes.
- Navicular Stress Fracture - The navicular is one of the 8 small tarsal bones in the foot. A stress fracture develops gradually through repeated impacts. The pain is most pronounced on the inside of the mid-foot.
- Peroneus brevis tendon rupture - A rupture of the peroneus brevis tendon is a complete tear of this tendon which is found on the outer ankle/foot. This may occur during a sudden twist at the ankle.
- Plantar fascia strain - A plantar fascia strain is a tear of the band of fascia which runs the length of the sole. It is usually felt immediately from a sudden overstretching of the arch of the foot.
- Plantar fasciitis - Plantar fasciitis is a condition causing pain under the heel and into the sole of the foot. It is characterised by pain which is at it's worst first thing in the morning.
- Sesamoiditis - Sesamoiditis affects the two small bones located underneath the joint at the base of the big toe. It is often caused by an increase in forefoot weight bearing activities.
- Sever's Disease - Sever's disease occurs in children and adolescents where the soft bone where the achilles attaches starts to crumble due to repeated traction.
- Tarsal coalition - A tarsal coalition is something which is present from birth where two or more tarsal bones are fused resulting in stiff, aching ankles.
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome - Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment of the posterior tibial nerve. It is most common in those who heavily overpronate.
- Tibialis posterior tendinopathy - The tibialis posterior tendon runs behind the inner ankle bone and then underneath the foot. Long-term injury to this muscle can cause Tibialis posterior syndrome.
- Turf toe - Turf toe is a sprain of the ligament under the joint at the base of the big toe. Turf toe can occur after a very vigorous upward bending of the big toe