Big toe pain

Pain affecting the big toe or great toe can be described as pain under big toe, pain in big toe or big toe joint pain. Pain in big toe joint may involve ligament sprains for example in Turf Toe. Turf toe can occur due to a hyperextension injury and is usually associated with artificial surfaces. It is pain in the connective tissue and a healing process must occur with rehabilitation necessary. Pain can be due to a sprain of this connective tissue but tears and ruptures can also elicit the pain and symptoms in this area.

Patients may experience a sharp pain in the big toe or neural symptoms making the big toe numb. Numbness or pins and needle type of pain around the big toe can be transferred from the lumbar spine (lower back) due the nervous system. Hallux rigidus (stiffness) can also cause big toe pain and is prevalent in the sporting population. This rigidness can also cause pain further up the kinetic chain and can cause pain on activities such as bending, walking or jumping but specifically when squatting and running. Pain due this can be associated with inflammation and swelling around the area. Below is a list of possible injuries that can cause big toe pain:
  • Ingrown Toenail

    Ingrown Toenail

    Ingrown toenail or onychocryptis is a common and frustrating cause pain, often caused by improper footwear not allowing the nail to grow properly, or due to poor nail cutting.

  • Hallux Rigidus

    Hallux Rigidus

    Hallux Rigidus is a stiff big toe with pain, swelling and inflammation in the joint. A common cause of big toe pain.

  • Broken Toe

    Broken Toe

    Broken toes can be painful and usually occur as a result of severe impact or trauma to one of the phalanges bones which make up the toes although a stress fracture can occur gradually over time.

  • Dislocated Toe

    Dislocated Toe

    Dislocated toes usually occur from a direct trauma to the toe causing a severe sprain to the toe ligament with phalanges bones in the toe being displaced.

  • Bunion


    A bunion (also known as hallux valgus) is a painful swelling of the soft tissue with bone enlargement over the inside of the big toe. Often the big toe will look as if it is bent in towards the other toes or even can lie across them.

  • Turf Toe

    Turf Toe

    Turf toe can occur after a very vigorous upward bending of the big toe causing a sprain to the ligaments under base of the big or great toe.

  • Forefoot Pain

    Forefoot pain often originates from the long metatarsal bones in the foot, down towards the toes as well as pain under the ball of the foot. The more common gradual onset injuries include metatarsal stress fractures, bunions, and Morton's neuroma. Sudden onset or acute injuries result from direct trauma or impact and include fractures and ligament sprains.

  • Toe Injuries & Toe Pain

    Toe injuries include ingrown toenail, black toenail, fractured or broken toe, dislocated toe, hallux rigidus and hammer toe.