Knee joint pain

Pain in the knee joint is often difficult to localise. The patient may not be able to pinpoint the pain to a specific point. Joint pain in the knee can be from meniscus, plica, or bone damage. Pain in the knee can also be due to swelling, injuries to the bursa or fat pad or from the ligaments.

Arthritis knee pain will be within the joint and can cause stiffness. Pain inside knee can also be from swelling or an effusion where there could either be meniscal, bone or ligament damage from inside the knee capsule. Injuries that cause knee joint pain are listed below:
  • Patella Dislocation

    Patella Dislocation

    The patella can dislocate outside of its normal position, usually round the outside of the knee. It can also partially dislocate, called a subluxation.

  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runners knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term used to describe patella pain at the front of the knee.

  • Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap.

  • Lateral Meniscus Tear

    Lateral Meniscus Tear

    Lateral meniscus tear is an injury to the semi circular cartilage on the outside of the knee joint. Symptoms include tenderness and pain around the outside surface of the knee. Each knee joint has two crescent shaped cartilage menisci which cushion and support the knee. They can be injured by twisting or traumatic injury as well as degenerating over time.

  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee

    Osteoarthritis - Knee

    Osteoarthritis or wear and tear on the knee joint is a common cause of knee pain. We explain the injury and treatment options.

  • Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation

    Proximal Tibiofibular  -  Dislocation

    Dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint occurs most commonly when the athlete sustains an impact or falls with their knee in a fully bent position. It is an injury to the joint at the top of the shin where the two shin bones meet at the knee.

  • Knee Synovitis

    Knee Synovitis

    Knee synovitis occurs when the synovial membrane which lines and lubricates the knee joint, becomes inflamed. Swelling or stiffness in the knee joint may develop following another injury or from arthritis or gout.

  • Tibial Plateau Fracture

    Tibial Plateau Fracture

    The tibial plateau is the upper surface of the tibia or shin bone. It is prone to becoming fractured in high speed accidents such as those associated with skiing, horse riding and certain water sports.

  • Knee Sprain

    Knee Sprain

    A knee sprain is an injury or damage to any of the four ligaments which support the knee.

  • Osteochondral Knee Fracture

    Osteochondral Knee Fracture

    An Osteochondral fracture is a tear of the cartilage which covers the end of a bone, within a joint. It is also known as Osteochondritis Dissecans and is common in the knee joint, especially in association with other injuries such as ACL tears.

  • Acute Patella Injury

    Acute Patella Injury

    An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. A fracture of the patella is also possible.

  • Articular Cartilage Injury

    Articular cartilage injury is damage to the tough cartilage that lines the ends of bones. We explain the symptoms, causes and treatment of an articular cartilage injury to the knee.

  • Unhappy Triad of the Knee

    Unhappy Triad

    The unhappy triad is a severe injury which involves damage to three of the four major ligaments in the knee.

  • Patellofemoral Instability

    Patellofemoral Instability

    Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap 'slipping away' or feeling loose on movement of the knee.

  • Acute Knee Injuries

    An acute knee injury usually occurs suddenly through either trauma or a twisting action. Pain in the knee can vary in severity from very mild to very severe and this depends on the injury mechanism (how the injury occurred) and the forces involved during the impact. It is strongly advised not to carry on playing if you have acute knee pain as this can easily progress to a chronic pain or to more complex knee injuries.

  • Front Knee Pain (Anterior)

    Anterior knee pain is pain at the front of the knee including the patella or kneecap. If you are not sure what is causing your knee injury is why not try our symptom checker? The two most common causes of pain at the front of the kneecap are patellofemoral pain and patella tendinitis or Jumpers knee. Sometimes it can be difficult to tell the two apart and occasionally they can occur simultaneusly. Here we outline the causes of pain at the front of the knee as well as important conditions which can be missed.

  • Outside Knee Pain (Lateral)

    Lateral knee pain is that which occurs on the outside of the knee has come on gradually as opposed to an acute knee joint or ligament injury. If you are not sure what is causing your pain then why not check out our symptom checker? The most common causes of pain on the outside of the knee are Iliotibial band friction syndrome and Lateral cartilage injuries. Here we explain the most widely seen causes, less common causes of lateral knee pain as well as important injuries that should not be missed.