Local knee swelling

Local swelling on the knee means swelling at a particular point around the knee rather than a general swelling in the knee joint. This can be at the front of the knee in cases of patella tendinopathy (jumpers knee), osgood schlatters disease or sinding-larsen-johansson lesion. Swelling on the inside of the knee occurs with medial ligament or cartilage injuries.

 

 

  • Medial Meniscus Tear

    Medial Meniscus Tear

    A torn meniscus is a tear to the semi circular cartilage in the knee joint causing pain on the inside of the knee. It is commonly injured through direct impact in contact sports or twisting but can also occur in older athletes through gradual degeneration. Treatment depends on how bad the injury is and may require surgery.

  • Jumpers Knee

    Jumpers Knee

    Jumpers knee or patellar tendonitis is an overuse injury that results in pain at the front of the knee, localised at a point towards the bottom of the kneecap. Repetitive strain from too much running or jumping causes inflammation or degeneration of the patella tendon.

  • Osgood Schlatters Disease

    Osgood Schlatters Disease

    Osgood Schlatter disease or Osgood Schlatter lesion is a very common cause of knee pain in children between the ages of 10 and 15 years old. It was named after two physicians in 1903, Dr. Robert Osgood and Dr. Carl Schlatter.

  • Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy

    Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy

    The biceps femoris tendon is one of the hamstring muscle tendons. Injury to this tendon causes pain at the outside, back of the knee.

  • Baker's Cyst

    Baker's Cyst

    A Baker's Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee. It is usually caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint.

  • Gastrocnemius Tendinopathy

    Gastrocnemius Tendinopathy

    Gastrocnemius tendinopathy or tendinitis is inflammation or degeneration of the tendon of the calf muscle causing pain at the back of the knee. This is an overuse injury which is more common in runners and sprinters.

  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial band syndrome is inflammation of the Iliotibial band on the outside of the knee as it rubs against the outside of the knee joint. Symptoms include pain over the outside of the knee which will come on gradually over time getting progressively worse until running must stop. Typically the athlete will rest for a period of time until symptoms go only for them to return so far into a run when training resumes.

  • Lateral Meniscus Tear

    Lateral Meniscus Tear

    Lateral meniscus tear is an injury to the semi circular cartilage on the outside of the knee joint. Symptoms include tenderness and pain around the outside surface of the knee. Each knee joint has two crescent shaped cartilage menisci which cushion and support the knee. They can be injured by twisting or traumatic injury as well as degenerating over time.

  • Pes Anserine Tendinopathy - Bursitis

    Pes Anserine  - Bursitis

    Pes anserine tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon on the inside of the knee. A bursa or small fluid sac can also become inflamed causing pain.

  • Housemaids Knee

    Housemaids Knee

    Housemaids Knee also known as prepatellar bursitis or knee bursitis is a swelling of the bursa or small sack of fluid at the front of the knee.

  • Fat Pad Impingement

    The infrapatella fat pad is also sometimes known as Hoffa's pad. It is a soft tissue that lies beneath the kneecap which can get impinged causing knee pain.

  • Quadriceps Tendinopathy

    Overuse can cause pain and inflammation of the quadriceps tendon as it inserts into the top of the kneecap. Over time this can lead to degeneration of the tendon.

  • Infrapatella Bursitis

    A bursa is a small sac of fluid who's function is to lubricate the movement between tendons and bone. There are a number of them around the knee which can become painful and inflamed.

  • Posterolateral Corner Injury

    Posterolateral Corner Injury

    Posterolateral corner injuries cause pain at the back and outside of the knee. They are not particularly common injuries, although around half of cases occur due to sporting injuries, with road traffic accidents being another common cause.

  • Tennis Leg

    Tennis Leg

    Tennis leg is a general term used to describe pain in the leg caused by a tear of the inner head of the big calf muscle, the plantaris muscle or sometimes both.

  • Patella Tendon Rupture

    Patella Tendon Rupture

    The patella tendon connects the kneecap to the shin bone. A partial rupture of this tendon is often from a jumping or explosive load on the tendon.

  • Hamstring Tendon Rupture

    Hamstring - Rupture

    A full or partial rupture can occur in the hamstring tendons as they insert into the back of the knee.

  • Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion

    Biceps Femoris - Avulsion

    The Biceps Femoris is one three hamstring muscles. An avulsion strain or fracture involves the tendon pulling away from the bone.

  • Acute Knee Injuries

    An acute knee injury usually occurs suddenly through either trauma or a twisting action. Pain in the knee can vary in severity from very mild to very severe and this depends on the injury mechanism (how the injury occurred) and the forces involved during the impact. It is strongly advised not to carry on playing if you have acute knee pain as this can easily progress to a chronic pain or to more complex knee injuries.

  • Front Knee Pain (Anterior)

    Anterior knee pain is pain at the front of the knee including the patella or kneecap. If you are not sure what is causing your knee injury is why not try our symptom checker? The two most common causes of pain at the front of the kneecap are patellofemoral pain and patella tendinitis or Jumpers knee. Sometimes it can be difficult to tell the two apart and occasionally they can occur simultaneusly. Here we outline the causes of pain at the front of the knee as well as important conditions which can be missed.