Acute shin pain

Acute shin pain may be sudden onset shin pain following a kick or impact to the shin bone (tibia) or lower leg. It may be a sharp pain in the shin, which comes and goes. Patients may complain of a shooting shin pain or a stabbing pain in shin. Chronic shin pain can be acute if it is particularly severe.

Muscles such as tibilas anterior can also cause acute shin pain if there is a strain or tear. In some sports shin pads are worn to protect acute shin pain from a direct blow where a haemotoma may have been caused. Injuries that cause shin pain are listed below:
  • Tibia Stress Fracture

    Tibia Stress Fracture

    The tibia is the larger of the two shin bones and as a weight-bearing bone is more susceptible to stress fractures, particularly in the lower third. We explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of a stress fracture in the tibia.

  • Shin Splints

    Shin Splints

    Shin splints is not a specific injury itself but are the common name often given to pain at the front of the lower leg of which there may be a number of causes. The most common cause is medial tibial stress syndrome.

  • Anterior Compartment Syndrome

    Anterior Compartment Syndrome

    Anterior compartment syndrome, also known as anterior shin splints arises when the big muscle on the outside front of the lower leg becomes too big for the sheath that surrounds it causing pain.

  • Tibia Fracture

    Tibia Fracture

    The tibia is the big bone in the lower leg. A tibial fracture is the most common injury of all long bone fractures and takes a variety of forms but usually involves a long period of immobility and a long recovery time.

  • Fibula Fracture

    Fibula Fracture

    An acute fracture of the fibula bone in the lower leg occurs as a result of a direct trauma or impact to the leg or ankle. Stress fractures can also occur from overuse or repetitive impacts.

  • Shin Pain

    Pain in the shin is usually gradual onset and can be difficult to get rid of. Shin splints are known as pain on the inside of the shin but are not a diagnosis in itself but a description of symptoms. Most causes of shin pain in athletes are from bone stress, insufficient blood flow, tendon inflammation, compartment syndrome or nerve entrapment.