Swollen finger

Finger swelling or swollen finger can be through infections or inflammation. Swelling may come on rapidly or develop over time. Rapid swelling can be due to a bone or ligament bleed but also from an occlusion (eg. raynauds disease) further up from the hand or wrist such as carpal tunnel syndrome.

A swollen finger can also be due to arthritis where the joint gets affected and pain can affect finger movement. Swollen fingers may or may not be associated with pain. Injuries with this symptom are listed below:
  • Sprained Finger

    Sprained Finger

    A sprained finger occurs when the finger is bent in some way causing damage to the ligaments which connect bones together. It is a common injury in ball games such as American football, basketball, cricket and handball. A sprain can be helped by rest, ice and compression and also a taping method, details of which can be seen below.

  • Trigger Finger & Trigger Thumb

    Trigger Finger

    Trigger Finger is a form of tenosynovitis which results in the finger becoming bent in towards the palm of the hand. This can also occur in the thumb known as trigger thumb. There is no specific cause but a variety of factors are detailed below which can make the condition more likely, including gaming and texting! The treatment depends on the severity of the condition and can range from resting to surgery.

  • Boutonniere Deformity

    Boutonniere Deformity

    A boutonniere deformity or buttonhole deformity is an injury to a tendon in one of the fingers, resulting in a deformed shape. This usually occurs after an impact to a bent finger. See below for more on the causes, symptoms and treatments of Boutonniere deformity.

  • Broken Finger

    Broken Finger

    A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones which make up each finger.

  • Dislocated Finger

    Dislocated Finger

    A dislocated finger occurs when two of the finger bones forming joints become displaced, injuring the ligaments and other soft tissue in the process. The finger will look deformed and severe pain will be felt. Medical help should be sought immediately, especailly as there can be complications involving nerves and ligaments.

  • Volar Plate Injury

    Volar Plate Injury

    The volar plate is a very thick ligament which joins two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury occurs when the finger is bent too far back the wrong way, spraining or tearing the ligament. In some cases this finger injury can also involve a fracture. Read more on volar plate injury and how to treat it here.

  • Cellulitis Infection - Finger Felon

    Finger Felon

    Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the superficial and deep layers of the skin. In the fingertip, this is known as a felon. It is often caused by a small injury to the end of the finger which can make it painful and swell up. Read more about this infection and how to treat it.

  • Jersey Finger

    Jersey Finger

    Jersey finger is a tear of one of the flexor tendons in a finger. There are four tendons of the Flexor Digitorum Profundus muscle which pass into each of the fingers. This finger injury is common in contact sports and can cause the tendon to bunch at the base of the finger. Read more on the steps you should take to treat this injury below.

  • Hand & Finger Injuries

    Injuries to the hand and fingers are common in sports and must be taken seriously. Injuries in this area can be very debilitating and if treated incorrectly they can have long-term consequences in terms of hand and finger function.