Wrist or hand deformity

Deformity in the wrist or hand may indicate a fracture or dislocation to the bones and a ligament may also be torn or ruptured.  In acute injuries that become or are deformed, pain is usually present unless there is also nerve damage. A deformity to the wrist or hand can also indicate a specific injury to a muscle, ligament or tendon and swelling can be present.

Deformity can be caused through an inflammatory response eg. arthritis. A ganglion can also be a source of deformity where a lump as appeared. Deformities may or may not have pain present. Injuries and conditions that cause this symptom are listed below:
  • Colles Fracture of the Wrist

    Colles Fracture - Wrist

    A Colles fracture is a particular type of broken wrist which involves a break of the radius or forearm bone on the thumb side of the wrist. Deformity, severe pain and swelling would indicate this type of fracture, which is most often caused by a fall. Medical help is needed immediately to repair this wrist injury.

  • Dislocated Wrist

    Dislocated Wrist

    A dislocated wrist is a dislocation of any of the eight small bones called carpal bones which make up the wrist. A wrist dislocation will occur as a result of a traumatic event or fall onto the wrist. There is usually an obvious deformity along with acute wrist pain when dislocation occurs. Medical help is needed immediately, particularly as the ligaments and nerves can be seriously damaged.

  • Bennett Fracture

    Bennett Fracture

    A Bennett fracture is an injury to the base of the thumb joint, which is usually caused by a hard impact or trauma such as punching something hard or falling onto the hand with the thumb sticking out to the side. There will be swelling and considerable wrist pain located near the thumb. It is a serious wrist injury and will require surgery to avoid long-term complications.

  • Distal Radioulnar Joint Subluxation

    Distal Radioulnar Subluxation

    The distal radioulnar joint is the joint at the wrist, between the radius and the ulna, the two forearm bones. This injury is usually a subluxation, or a partial dislocation, although fractures of either bone can be involved. It is often caused by a direct impact like a fall, and medical help is needed immediately to check and treat the wrist injury.

  • Smith's Fracture

    Smiths Fracture

    A Smith's fracture is a break at the end of the radius bone, at the wrist and is often caused by a sudden impact. The fragment of fractured bone is displaced forwards to the palm side of the wrist, which causes swelling and pain to the area. You should try not to move the injured wrist afterwards, and medical help is needed as soon as possible to treat the fracture.

  • Barton's Fracture

    Bartons Fracture

    A Barton's Fracture is a fracture of the distal radius bone at the base of the thumb, and is also sometimes called a fracture dislocation. The fracture can happen on the back of the wrist or on the side of the palm, but in both cases the area will be painful and difficult to move. Medical assistance, and often surgery is needed to repair the wrist injury.

  • Metacarpal Fracture

    Metacarpal Fracture

    The metacarpal bones are the five long bones in the hand. Any of these bones can be broken or fractured but the 1st metacarpal under the base of the thumb is the most commonly injured. The fracture is usually caused by a direct impact which causes pain in the area. Treatment for these kinds of fractures usually involves immobilisation in a cast followed by strengthening exercises.

  • Boxer's Fracture

    Boxers Fracture

    A Boxer's fracture is a break to either the 4th or the 5th Metacarpals which are the long bones on the outside of the hand. As the name indicates, this injury is usually caused by a hard impact against the hand, like a punch. Read more about how this hand injury can be treated.

  • Rolando Fracture

    Rolando Fracture

    A Rolando Fracture is a fracture to the base of the 1st metacarpal where it joins the carpal bones between the thumb and the wrist. This is similar to the Bennett fracture, although a little more complex to treat as the metacarpal is fractured into several pieces. This causes considerable thumb and wrist pain, with surgery nearly always needed.

  • Dupuytren's Contracture

    Dupuytren's Contracture

    Dupuytren's contracture is a condition which affects the hand and fingers, causing the fingers to bend in towards the palm of the hand. Tissue in the hand contracts and becomes shorter, although this does not normally cause pain. Many cases do not require treatment, although if the condition is severe, there are options you can take.

  • Trigger Finger & Trigger Thumb

    Trigger Finger

    Trigger Finger is a form of tenosynovitis which results in the finger becoming bent in towards the palm of the hand. This can also occur in the thumb known as trigger thumb. There is no specific cause but a variety of factors are detailed below which can make the condition more likely, including gaming and texting! The treatment depends on the severity of the condition and can range from resting to surgery.

  • Mallet Finger

    Mallet Finger

    This finger injury makes you unable to extend or straighten the end joint of a finger without assistance. It can happen from sports and other daily activities and causes pain and tenderness to the area. The severity of the injury can vary from a stretching of the tendon to the tendon coming unattached from the bone.

  • Boutonniere Deformity

    Boutonniere Deformity

    A boutonniere deformity or buttonhole deformity is an injury to a tendon in one of the fingers, resulting in a deformed shape. This usually occurs after an impact to a bent finger. See below for more on the causes, symptoms and treatments of Boutonniere deformity.

  • Broken Finger

    Broken Finger

    A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones which make up each finger.

  • Dislocated Finger

    Dislocated Finger

    A dislocated finger occurs when two of the finger bones forming joints become displaced, injuring the ligaments and other soft tissue in the process. The finger will look deformed and severe pain will be felt. Medical help should be sought immediately, especailly as there can be complications involving nerves and ligaments.

  • Volar Plate Injury

    Volar Plate Injury

    The volar plate is a very thick ligament which joins two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury occurs when the finger is bent too far back the wrong way, spraining or tearing the ligament. In some cases this finger injury can also involve a fracture. Read more on volar plate injury and how to treat it here.

  • Acute Wrist Injuries

    Sudden onset injuries are called acute injuries and are usually caused by a fall onto the hand with an outstretched arm or a forced twisting movement. Damage can occur to the bones, ligaments (connect bone to bone) or tendons (connect muscle to bone) in the wrist. In the first 72 hours, the first aid principles of P.R.I.C.E. are advised including protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation. If a broken bone (fracture) is suspected, then always seek medical advice immediately.

  • Hand & Finger Injuries

    Injuries to the hand and fingers are common in sports and must be taken seriously. Injuries in this area can be very debilitating and if treated incorrectly they can have long-term consequences in terms of hand and finger function.