Wrist or hand deformity

Deformity in the wrist or hand may indicate a fracture or dislocation to the bones and a ligament may also be torn or ruptured.  In acute injuries that become or are deformed, pain is usually present unless there is also nerve damage. A deformity to the wrist or hand can also indicate a specific injury to a muscle, ligament or tendon and swelling can be present.

Deformity can be caused through an inflammatory response eg. arthritis. A ganglion can also be a source of deformity where a lump as appeared. Deformities may or may not have pain present. Injuries and conditions that cause this symptom are listed below:
  • Colles Fracture of the Wrist

    Colles Fracture - Wrist

    A Colles fracture is a particular type of broken wrist involving a break of the radius or forearm bone on the thumb side of the wrist.

  • Dislocated Wrist

    Dislocated Wrist

    A dislocated wrist is a dislocation of any of the eight small bones called carpal bones which make up the wrist. A wrist dislocation will occur as a result of a traumatic event or fall onto the wrist.

  • Bennett Fracture

    Bennett Fracture

    A Bennett fracture is an injury to the base of the thumb joint usually caused by a hard impact or trauma such as punching something hard or falling onto the hand with the thumb sticking out to the side. It is a serious injury and will require surgery to avoid long term complications.

  • Distal Radioulnar Joint Subluxation

    Distal Radioulnar Subluxation

    The distal radio-ulna joint is the joint at the wrist, between the two forearm bones the radius and the ulna. This injury is usually a subluxation or partial dislocation although fractures of either bone can be involved.

  • Smith's Fracture

    Smiths Fracture

    A Smith's fracture is a break in the end of the radius bone, at the wrist. The fragment of fractured bone is displaced forwards to the palm side of the wrist.

  • Bartons Fracture

    Bartons Fracture

    Bartons Fracture is a fracture of the distal radius bone at the base of the thumb. This fracture is sometimes also called a fracture dislocation.

  • Metacarpal Fracture

    Metacarpal Fracture

    The metacarpal bones are the five long bones in the hand. Any of these bones can be broken or fractured but the 1st metacarpal under the base of the thumb is the most commonly injured.

  • Boxers Fracture

    Boxers Fracture

    A Boxers fracture is a break to either the 4th or the 5th Metacarpals which are the long bones on the outside of the hand.

  • Rolando Fracture

    Rolando Fracture

    A Rolando Fracture is a fracture to the base of the 1st metacarpal where it joins the carpal bones between the thumb and the wrist. This is similar to the Bennett fracture, although a little more complex to treat.

  • Dupuytren's Contracture

    Dupuytren's Contracture

    Dupuytren's contracture is a condition which affects the hand and fingers, causing the fingers to bend in towards the palm of the hand.

  • Trigger Finger & Trigger Thumb

    Trigger Finger

    Trigger Finger is a form of tenosynovitis which results in the finger becoming bent in towards the palm of the hand. This can also occur in the thumb known as trigger thumb.

  • Mallet Finger

    Mallet Finger

    Mallet finger is an injury which results in the inability extend or straighten the end joint of a finger without assistance.

  • Boutonniere Deformity

    Boutonniere Deformity

    A boutonniere deformity or button hole deformity is an injury to a tendon in one of the fingers, resulting in a deformed shape. This usually occurs after an impact to a bent finger.

  • Broken Finger

    Broken Finger

    A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones which make up each finger.

  • Dislocated Finger

    Dislocated Finger

    A dislocated finger occurs when two of the finger bones, forming a joints become displaced injuring the ligaments and other soft tissue in the process.

  • Volar Plate Injury

    Volar Plate Injury

    The volar plate is a very thick ligament which joins two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury occurs when the finger is bent back the wrong way too far spraining or tearing the ligament.

  • Acute Wrist Injuries

    Sudden onset injuries are called acute injuries and are usually caused by a fall onto the hand with an outstretched arm or a forced twisting movement. Damage can occur to the bones, ligaments (connect bone to bone) or tendons (connect muscle to bone) in the wrist.  In the first 72 hours, the first aid principles of P.R.I.C.E. are advised including protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation.  If a broken bone (fracture) is suspected, then always seek medical advice immediately.

  • Hand & Finger Injuries

    Injuries to the hand and fingers are common in sports and must be taken seriously.  Injuries in this area can be very debilitating and if treated incorrectly they can have long term consequences in terms of hand and finger function.