Foot Biomechanics & Gait Analysis

Foot biomechancis and gait analysis explained. What is over supination? What is over pronation? What are 'flat feet'?

Foot drop is a symptom rather than a condition. It describes the inability to raise the foot upwards (dorsiflex the ankle), as if pulling the toes up towards the shin.

A claw foot or Pes Cavus foot is a genetic defect in the foot with a high arch. Claw feet are relatively inflexible. This will often be associated with very tight calf muscles at the back of the lower leg.

Sports podiatrist Ian Sadler explains gait analysis using a foot scanner and treadmill analysis.

Gait is the way in which we move our whole body from one point to another. Most often, this is done by walking, although we may also run, skip, hop etc. Gait analysis is a method used to assess the way we walk or run to highlight biomechanical abnormalities.

Pes Planus is the term used when an individual has flat feet, or fallen arches. This condition is such that the foot appears entirely flat on the floor on the inside.

Supination is a movement at the foot which is a necessary movement for walking and running among other activities. However, in some cases over-supination can become a problem which leads to injuries.

Overpronation of the foot is not an injury itself but if you over pronate then you may be more susceptible to a number of sports injuries. It is often recognised as a flattening or rolling in of the foot but it is not quite as simple as that as the timing of when the foot rolls in is also important.

Running shoes are, without a doubt, the most important piece of equipment a runner will ever purchase. We take a look at the different types of shoes available.