Sports Injuries

Here you will find information on hundreds of sports injuries and conditions with treatment, rehabilitation, exercises, strapping & taping, sports massage and more.

If you are not sure what your injury is why not visit our sports injury symptom checker. Or select from the options below to view all sports injuries for a particular area of the body.

Foot injuries are separated into heel pain, midfoot pain, forefoot pain (including pain under the ball of the foot), toe injuries and skin conditions such as athletes foot and blisters. Foot pain can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (gradual onset). If you have suffered a recent foot injury then it is usually best to apply immediate first aid in the form of ice or cold therapy. We also explain under which circumstances you should see a doctor or seek professional medical advice.

Ankle injuries are separated into acute ankle injuries (sudden onset), lateral ankle pain (outside of the ankle), medial ankle pain (inside of the ankle), anterior ankle pain (front of the ankle) and achilles pain at the back of the ankle. The most common ankle injury is a sprained ankle. We explain emergency first aid in the form of cold therapy and compression for sudden onset ankle injuries as well as when to seek medical advice.

Injuries to the lower leg can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (gradual onset). The most common cause of pain at the front of the lower leg is known as shin splints and refers to pain along the bone on the lower, inside of the shin which develops gradually over time. A calf strain is the most likely cause of sudden onset pain at the back of the leg. We explain how and when to apply emergency first aid in the form of cold therapy as well as when to see a doctor or seek medical advice.

Knee injuries are separated into acute knee injuries (sudden onset), lateral knee pain (outside of the knee), medial knee pain (inside of the knee), anterior (front of the knee) and posterior (back of the knee). Sudden onset or acute knee injuries are usually the result of twisting or a hard impact and will likely involve ligament, tendon or cartilage joint injury. Read our advice on immediate first aid as well as when you should see a doctor or seek professional medical advice.

Thigh injuries are separated into front thigh, back of the thigh and groin pain. Most thigh injuries are sudden onset (acute) such as a thigh strain, groin strain or hamstring strain, but thigh pain can also be chronic (occur gradually over time). This is especially likely if an acute injury has not been treated correctly or failed to heal properly. If you have suffered a sudden onset thigh injury we explain how to apply emergency first aid in the form of ice or cold therapy as well as when to seek professional advice.

Buttock, hip and groin pain is often connected or might be pain referred from another area such as the lower back. The hip and groin area is one of the most challenging areas of the body to treat by sports injury specialists. This is because there are a large number of possible structures that can be injured and cause pain in this area, and also because most of the structures are very deep within the groin area (including the hip joint).

If you have sustained any kind of head injury it is always advisable to seek medical attention immediately. A direct blow to the head can be a minor injury right through to something more serious or even death. Head injuries include trauma to the head or brain, concussion, facial injuries including the eyes and nose, and ear pain. Here we explain how to recognise and treat various head injuries as well as when to seek medical attention.

Shoulder injuries can be either acute (sudden onset) or chronic (gradual onset). Sudden onset shoulder injuries usually occur either through direct impact or trauma such as a dislocation or from over stretching or twisting as in a rotator cuff strain. Acute shoulder injuries can become chronic if they are not diagnosed and treated properly. We explain how to recognise and treat shoulder injuries as well as emergency first aid and when to see medical advice.

Arm and elbow injuries are separated into lateral elbow pain (outside of the elbow), medial elbow pain (inside of the elbow) posterior elbow pain (at the back of the elbow), acute elbow injuries (sudden onset), forearm pain and upper arm injuries. Tennis elbow is the most common cause of pain on the outside of the elbow. Here we explain how to recognise and treat elbow and arm injuries as well as when to seek medical advice.

Wrist pain which occurs suddenly (known as acute wrist injuries) and is usually caused by a fall onto the hand with an outstretched arm or a forced twisting movement. Common acute injuries include wrist sprains, wrist & hand fractures and injuries to the fingers. Gradual onset injuries or chronic wrist pain occurs over a period of time and often cannot be traced back to a single incident or cause. Here we explain how to recognise and treat wrist and hand injuries. If a broken bone is suspected, then always seek medical advice immediately.

Back pain can be particularly difficult to diagnose due to the complexity and the number of structures and tissues in the lower back that can cause pain. The most common causes are slipped discs and this can sometimes cause leg pain called Sciatica. In addition, scoliosis, spinal canal stenosis, spondylytis, spondylolisthesis, spondylolysis, spondylosis, transverse process fracture, facet joint pain and more.

Chest pain in the athlete can be anything from indigestion to a heart attack so if you are at all unsure seek medical advice. Moderate to severe chest injuries should always be assessed by a doctor to ensure the ribs, lungs and other internal organs, including the heart, have not been affected or damaged. However, in view of the possible consequences from any chest or abdominal injury, always consult a doctor if in doubt.

Upper back and neck injuries are relatively rare in sport and more often occur from activities of daily living, such as waking up with a wry neck (torticollis).  Neck injuries that are sustained in sport must be taken very seriously, especially if they are associated with symptoms of concussion or referred pain into the shoulders and arms.

This section covers general medical conditions that do not fit into specific areas of the body and includes general musclular skeletal terms, viral illnesses, infections, diseases affecting the nervous system and cardiovascular system. Also included are mental health and psychological issues which are relevant in sport.