Abdominal Pain

Acute abdominal pain is often caused by an injury to the stomach, like a direct hit or a strong tackle. External impacts can cause internal damage that may need medical attention. The abdominal muscles and organs can be damaged from participating in sports like Rugby and American Football especially. An infection may also be responsible for the stomach pain. Some cases of stomach pain are mild and can be treated at home, but others will need medical attention.


Being winded refers to what happens when you are subjected to a sudden forceful impact to the abdomen, and is very common in contact sports like rugby. This causes breathing difficulties and is often described as having the wind knocked out of you. The symptoms usually pass in 10-15 minutes as the diaphragm relaxes and recovers from the blow.

Gastrointestinal Symptoms - Exercise

Gastrointestinal (stomach and intestine) problems during exercise (especially high-intensity exercise) are frequent. These may include heartburn, belching, abdominal cramps, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and an urge to defecate.

Bruised Abs

Bruised abs (or an abdominal muscle contusion) occur after a direct trauma or impact to the stomach muscles. This may be from a hard object such as a ball or racket, or in an accident such as a fall which causes bleeding into the muscles. The area will be painful and tender and the muscles will often feel tight.

Bruised Bladder

A bruised bladder, also known as a contusion, is normally caused by a direct impact to the lower abdomen. This may occur following a fall, car accident or being hit with a blunt object. As well as feeling immediate pain, feeling nauseous and blood in the urine are other signs of this injury. Medical attention will be needed to judge and monitor the extent of the damge.

Bruised Liver

A bruised liver or a liver contusion occurs after a direct impact to the torso, resulting in bleeding within the organ. Car accidents are the most common cause of this injury. The pain will be severe and immediate, and there may be a referred pain in the right shoulder. Medical attention will be needed immediately to assess and monitor damage.

Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity. It is caused by a bacterial or fungal infection, that itself can be caused by a number of factors. Vomiting, rapid heartbeat, lack of appetite and stomach pain are some of the symptoms. As the infection can spread through the body, seeking medical help is essential.

Peptic Ulcer

Peptic Ulcers (stomach ulcers) are open sores that develop on the inside wall of the stomach. They may sometimes arise in the small intestine as well. A burning stomach pain is a usual symptom of an ulcer, and this pain may expand through the body. Although in many cases treatment can be straightforward, there can be complications depending on the cause of the ulcer and its severity.

Bruised Kidney

A bruised kidney (or kidney contusion) occurs following a direct impact on the lower back area. This is most commonly from car accidents, although may also result from a fall or a physical attack, such as being kicked in the back. The impact will cause immediate pain which will need to be medically examined straight away and monitored over a few days.

Bruised Spleen

A bruised spleen (or spleen contusion) is bruising to the spleen which occurs after a direct impact to the upper left abdomen. It may occur after a fall or a car accident. It is not as severe an injury as a spleen laceration (or rupture). Symptoms include immediate pain on the left side of the body and nausea, but a worsening of the person's condition can signify something more severe.

A kidney laceration (or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region, whether it's a fall or a physical attack. The extent of the injury can vary considerably and mild damage may not demonstrate many symptoms. Whether the damage is mild or severe, it is important to continually assess for deterioration in the condition.

Ruptured Spleen

A ruptured spleen may occur following a direct blow to the left side of the stomach or back. This will often be from road accidents, contact sports, or physical fights. The impact tears the lining of the spleen and the tissues inside which can make the abdomen painful. Medical help will be needed as it causes internal bleeding.

Abdominal Strain

An abdominal strain is a tear or rupture of part of the abdominal muscles, usually at the point where it attaches to the pelvis. An immediate, severe pain in the abdominal muscles is a sign of a rupture, and the pain will exacerbate when the muscles contract. The strain can be caused by participation in sports such as pole vault, gymnastics and rowing that use the whole body.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are small hard lumps which develop within the kidneys. They can develop from the waste products which are filtered through the kidneys forming crystalised masses.