General Medical Conditions

This section covers general medical conditions that do not fit into specific areas of the body and includes general musclular skeletal terms, viral illnesses, infections, diseases affecting the nervous system and cardiovascular system. Also included are mental health and psychological issues which are relevant in sport.

On this page:

  • Musculoskeletal
  • Nervous system
  • Cardiovascular
  • Infections
  • Mental health
  • Endocrine (thyroid)
  • Environmental related


Musculoskeletal conditions include include general explanations of anything that affects the skeleton, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage or any other soft tissues. Injuries and terms such as tendonitis, sprains, & strains are covered as well as diseases such as Osteoperosis. For specific injuries view the body area specific section.

Read more on muscular skeletal injuries.

Nervous System

Nerves carry sensory information and messages which trigger muscles to contract or relax. Damage to the nervous system can impact the whole body and may affect how effectively the muscles function. Nervous system related diseases cover anything which affects the nerves including Epilepsy, Fibromyalgia, and Neuropathy.

Read more on nervous system diseases.


Cardiovascular system diseases and conditions relate to the heart, blood and blood vessels, and can affect the body in general. These include Stroke, High blood pressure, Anemia, High cholesterol and Heart disease. If you have acute chest pain or any other acute or unusual symptoms then consult medical advice immediately. These diseases can sometimes have symptoms which do not initially cause alarm but can be very serious or fatal.

Read more on cardiovascular diseases.


Infections can be viral, bacterial, fungal and protozoal. Sports people catch infections just like anyone else, however, sometimes they are more exposed, particularly in team situations or travelling. Training hard can also weaken the immune system which can make athletes more susceptible to illness. Here we explain some of the more common infections and viruses affecting athletes.

Read more on infections.

Mental Health

Mental health is just as important to look after as physical health. Athletes particularly can feel a lot of pressure in training, competition and in everyday life. Making sure athletes are mentally healthy is just as important as making sure they are physically fit. Coaches, family, friends and training partners can all help to look after each other and help people deal with issues they may be having. We look at illnesses such as depression and how to identify symptoms and aid recovery.

Read more on mental health in sport.

Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism (Endocrine System)

The endocrine system is the gland system in the body that produces hormones. It concerns metabolism, tissue function, growth and can also affect mood. The system regulates the body, so conditions that affect it can have a major impact on training and daily life. We look at conditions like hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, discussing their symptoms and treatment.

Read more on endocrine system diseases.

Environmental Influences

External factors such as temperature and your own actions can affect the body. Not looking after your body appropriately, particularly in challenging conditions, can cause symptoms such as headaches, lethargy and and nausea. Dehydration, hyponatremia and overtraining are some of the conditions we look at, and we discuss how to identify, treat and prevent them.

Read more on environmental related injuries.

This article has been written with reference to bibliography.