A hip sprain is an injury to one of the ligaments surrounding the hip joint. This is a rare injury which may occur after a violent force on the leg over-stretches one or more ligaments. Pain will occur on a sudden movement which will normally be at the front of the hip. Pain should ease within a week, when a rehabilitation and stretching programme can be started.
Symptoms of a Hip Sprain
- Pain in the hip on a sudden movement.
- Pain is usually located at the front of the hip, due to the thigh bone being forced backwards.
- Pain on the leg being moved backwards.
- No pain on lifting the thigh forwards (if there is pain - consider a hip flexor strain).
- Tender to palpate the area.
- There may be some bruising or swelling in severe cases.
- Rest from the activity.
- Apply ice to ease pain, swelling and bleeding.
- If walking is painful a crutch may be helpful.
- A doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medication to ease inflammation and pain.
- If symptoms do not improve within 5-7 days, visit a sports injury professional.
- An injury specialist may use treatments such as electrotherapy (ultrasound, laser etc) or sports massage.
- A rehabilitation programme should be used to build muscle strength and maintain hip stability. Stretching exercises are also important to regain full hip range of motion.