Hip Sprain

Hip Sprain

A hip sprain is an injury to one of the ligaments surrounding the hip joint. This is a rare injury which may occur after a violent force on the leg over-stretches one or more ligaments. Pain will occur on a sudden movement which will normally be at the front of the hip. Pain should ease within a week, when a rehabilitation and stretching programme can be started.

Symptoms of a Hip Sprain

  • Pain in the hip on a sudden movement.
  • Pain is usually located at the front of the hip, due to the thigh bone being forced backwards.
  • Pain on the leg being moved backwards.
  • No pain on lifting the thigh forwards (if there is pain - consider a hip flexor strain).
  • Tender to palpate the area.
  • There may be some bruising or swelling in severe cases.

Treatment

  • Rest from the activity.
  • Apply ice to ease pain, swelling and bleeding.
  • If walking is painful a crutch may be helpful.
  • A doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medication to ease inflammation and pain.
  • If symptoms do not improve within 5-7 days, visit a sports injury professional.
  • An injury specialist may use treatments such as electrotherapy (ultrasound, laser etc) or sports massage.
  • A rehabilitation programme should be used to build muscle strength and maintain hip stability. Stretching exercises are also important to regain full hip range of motion.
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