A simple knee taping technique that can be used to support the ligaments of the knee following injury or during the rehabilitation and healing process. Sports Physiotherapist Neal Reynolds demonstrates how to tape for a medial knee ligament sprain.
The aim of this taping is to provide support to the medial collateral ligament following injury or to support an unstable knee.
Medial ligament taping
The following guidelines are for information purposes only. We recommend seeking professional advice before beginning rehabilitation. The aim of this taping is to provide support to the medial collateral ligament. This may be important if the athlete has an unstable knee or laxity in the joint. Exact details may vary on exactly how to tape the knee but the basic principles remain the same.
A roll 5cm (2 inch) elastic tape and 7.5 cm (3 inch) elastic tape is required to go around the muscles. It is easier to use elastic tape which can be easily torn. Most ribbon type elastic adhesive bandage or EAB is very tough but will need scissors to cut it.
Underwrap is optional but will avoid hair and skin being removed when trying to remove the tape. A roll of 3.8cm (1.5 inch) non stretch white tape is needed for support straps and adhesive spray can help the underwrap stick.
- Prepare the leg by shaving or applying the spray adhesive followed by underwrap.
- Place a roll of tape or similar under the heel of the athlete to achieve the correct position for taping.
- The calf, knee and thigh need to be covered. This will help the tape stick properly and protect the leg from pain hair removal when removing the tape.
- Once the leg is bent, ensure the toes face inwards slightly so the lower leg is partially rotated inwards (not shown).
- Using two or three 7.5 cm strips of elastic tape apply anchors to the mid / upper thigh of the athlete.
- Ensure the athlete contracts both the calf and thigh muscles while the anchors are applied so blood flow is not restricted later on.
- Repeat the above applying two 7.5cm elastic anchors to the middle of the calf muscle.
- Again ensure muscles are contracted when this is done.
- The taping will have more support if these anchors can attach to the skin - the leg will need to be shaved for this.
- Using 5cm elastic tape apply a strip of tape from the outside of the lower leg, upwards and inwards crossing the joint line of the knee (but staying below the knee).
- Pull firmly upwards when applying this strip to stretch it before applying it to the upper anchor.
- Using 5cm elastic tape apply a second strip of tape starting on the inside of the calf anchor.
- The tape passes up across the knee joint line and above the kneecap.
- Again stretch the tape firmly before fixing on the upper anchor.
- Repeat both of the above taping strips with non stretch 3.8 cm zinc oxide tape.
- Complete the taping by applying strips of 7.5 cm elastic tape over the original anchors to close the taping off.
- Avoid finishing a tape strip on the inside of the thigh as may peel off due to friction of the legs.