Shin & Calf

Injuries to the lower leg can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (gradual onset). The most common cause of pain at the front of the lower leg is known as shin splints and refers to pain along the bone on the lower, inside of the shin which develops gradually over time. A calf strain is the most likely cause of sudden onset pain at the back of the leg. We explain how and when to apply emergency first aid in the form of cold therapy as well as when to see a doctor or seek medical advice.

Symptom Checker

If you are not sure what your injury is then check out our sports injury symptom checker. Simply select the body area and symptoms to see the injuries which are most here.

Calf injuries including calf strain

A calf strain is probably the most common cause of calf pain or pain at the back of the lower leg. However, there are a number of other potential causes of calf pain including more serious conditions such as deep vein thrombosis which must not be missed. Here we explain the most common causes as well as some of the less common calf injuries.

Shin pain

Pain in the shin is usually of gradual onset and can be difficult to get rid of. Shin splints is the most widely used term to describe pain on the inside of the shin, but this not actually a diagnosis in itself. Here we explain the injuries which cause what most people describe as shin splints as well as treatment, rehabilitation and prevention.