The biceps muscle splits into two tendons at the shoulder. The long tendon runs over the top of the upper arm and attaches to the top of the shoulder blade. Pain will normally be at the front of the shoulder where the muscle is attached. Inflammation of this area is common among athletes, such as swimmers and weightlifters. Read more on the symptoms of biceps tendon inflammation and what you can do to treat it here.
Symptoms of biceps tendon inflammation typically include pain at the front of the shoulder where the long head of the biceps muscle attaches. A test to isolate the biceps tendon is to get the patient to lift a straight arm up in front of them against resistance which should reproduce pain at the front of the shoulder. Tenderness will be felt when pressing in over the tendon at the same point.
Inflammation of the biceps long head explained
The biceps muscle splits into two tendons at the shoulder. A long one and a short one. The long tendon runs over the top of the humerus bone (upper arm) and attaches to the top of the shoulder blade. Inflammation of this tendon is a fairly common complaint, especially with swimmers, rowers, throwers, golfers, and weightlifters.
What can the athlete do?
Rest until there is no pain. Apply ice to ease pain and inflammation. Ice can be applied for 10 to 15 minutes every hour initially reducing the frequency as symptoms improve. See a sports injury professional.
What can a sports injury specialist do?
A doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen. A sports injury professional practitioner can demonstrate stretching and strengthening exercises as part of a full rehabilitation program. They may apply sports massage to the muscle itself or in chronic cases cross friction massage to the tendon may be beneficial.