The aims of Subacromial bursitis rehabilitation are to reduce pain and inflammation, improve or maintain mobility and strengthening the shoulder with the right exercises.
The following guidelines are for information purposes only. We recommend seeking professional advice before attempting any Subacromial bursitis rehabilitation.
Before beginning a subacromial bursitis rehabilitation program it is important to be aware that the athletes chance of the injury recurring is increased by any of the following:
- If they have an unstable shoulder joint where there is a lot of movement and weakness in the joint for example from previous injury or a shoulder dislocation. If you are not sure, see a sports injury professional. Failure to recognize this may mean the injury is likely to recur.
- Poor technique or bad training habits. Overuse or training too hard is just as likely to cause injury as poor technique. If not sure, find a good coach.
- Weakness in the rotator cuff muscles. Strengthening exercises should not be neglected just because the pain has gone.
Stage 1: To reduce pain and inflammation.
The first priority of Subacromial bursitis rehabilitation is to reduce pain, inflammation and bursa swelling.
- Apply cold therapy or ice to the shoulder. This will help reduce pain and inflammation. Apply ice for up to 15 minutes every hour, gradually reducing the frequency of applications as the shoulder improves.
- Rest the shoulder. Do not do anything that causes pain. Every time the athlete causes pain, they may be making the injury worse. If necessary, use a sling to restrict movement then do so but only for a few days.
- NSAID or anti-inflammatory medication (e.g. ibuprofen) may help in the early stages. Always check with your doctor before taking medication if you are not sure.
Stage 2 Subacromial bursitis rehabilitation
The aim of stage 2 is to re-establish shoulder range of motion and strength. This usually 5 to 7 days after injury.
- Range of motion is done through shoulder mobility exercises, gradually increasing the range of motion the joint will go through pain-free and specific stretching exercises to stretch all muscles around the shoulder joint.
- Sports massage techniques can help to improve greatly the condition of the rotator cuff muscles, so allowing more joint flexibility and better response to strengthening exercises.
- Strengthening exercises concentrate more specifically on the external rotator muscles (the ones that rotate the arm out) and the scapular stabilizers (muscles that support the shoulder blade). It is also important to strengthen the whole joint.
- Strengthening exercises must be done pain-free and in conjunction with stretching exercises.
Stage 3: Subacromial bursitis rehabilitation
To return the athlete to competition or specific training
- These exercises need to be specifically tailored to the athlete’s sport. For example, throwers would start throwing a tennis ball against a wall. Five sets of 20 throws gradually increasing the number of sets and number of repetitions assuming no pain during, after or the next day.
How long will it take to heal?
- Obviously every injury is different, however, the athlete is usually able to resume sports specific training after between 1 and 3 weeks.
- If the injury is neglected it can become chronic and be very difficult to treat resulting in a cycle of rotator cuff injury and impingement of the shoulder joint.
References & further reading
- Wilk KE, Obma P, Simpson CD et al. Shoulder injuries in the overhead athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2009;39(2):38–54
- Balke M, Schmidt C, Dedy N et al. Correlation of acromial morphology with impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tears. Acta Orthop 2013;84(2):178–83