A bruised hand, also known as a hand contusion, occurs due to a direct trauma of the hand. Impacts and crush injuries are the most common causes. This hand injury usually results in bleeding and subsequent bruising, and will be painful to touch. Rest and ice are two of the main ways to help this injury.
Symptoms include the obvious pain on impact with whatever has caused the contusion. The hand will be tender to touch with immediate swelling. The hand will be painful when trying to use it, especially gripping things, and there may be difficulty using the fingers.
Treatment of a bruised hand
Treatment consists of rest and immediate application of cold therapy to help control the bleeding and swelling. Cold can be applied for 10 minutes every hour reducing the frequency as symptoms improve. A compression bandage can be applied to help control swelling and the hand should be raised to aid the flow of tissue fluids away from the injury.
Symptoms should improve within 2 or 3 days, however, if they persist then seek medical attention to ensure there are no further injuries. An X-ray may be required to check there are no fractures.