Acute elbow pain

Medial Elbow Ligament Sprain

Medial Elbow Ligament Sprain

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the elbow is situated on the inside of the elbow and helps to provide stability to the joint. Damage to this ligament can occur from a sudden traumatic injury, or from repetitive overuse, for example throwing with poor technique.

Tennis elbow

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow (also known as lateral epicondylitis, lateral elbow tendinopathy or extensor tendinopathy) is a common term used to describe chronic pain on the outside of the elbow. Despite its name, playing Tennis is less likely to be a cause of injury than repetitive strain from work-related activities.

Elbow Hyperextension

Elbow Hyperextension

An elbow hyperextension injury occurs when the elbow is bent back the wrong way. This over-straightening causes damage to the ligaments and structures of the elbow. Like several elbow injuries, this often occurs in contact sports like rugby, and causes instant pain. Ice, compression and taping are some of the ways this injury can be treated.

Elbow Avulsion Fracture

Elbow Avulsion Fracture

Avulsion fracture of the medial epicondyle is when the tendon comes away from the bone and can take part of the bone with it. This elbow injury is more common in children with symptoms similar to a sprain. These can include elbow pain, swelling and reduced ability to move the arm. Read more on avulsion fractures, their symptoms and how to treat them.

Dislocated Elbow

Dislocated Elbow

Elbow dislocations are the second most common dislocations in adults, behind the shoulder. The elbow is a very stable joint and so it requires a lot of force to dislocate it. Severe pain and obvious deformity are the common symptoms for this elbow injury, which is normally caused by a fall or direct impact. Read an explanation of elbow dislocations, treatments and how to rehabilitate after the injury.

Elbow Fracture/Broken Elbow

Broken Elbow

An elbow fracture is a break in one of the bones which form the elbow joint. There are three bones which could be broken: the Humerus (upper arm bone), Ulna and Radius (two forearm bones). This elbow injury can be caused by a fall or a hard impact, and especially because there can be further potential complications, medical assistance should be sought immediately.

Olecranon Fracture

Olecranon Fracture

The olecranon is the large bony prominence at the back of the elbow on the ulna forearm bone. It is usually fractured from a direct impact or fall onto a bent elbow. Intense elbow pain, swelling and tenderness at the back of the elbow are common symptoms of this injury. Read more on the treatment of Olecranon fracture.

Elbow Bursitis – Students Elbow

Elbow Bursitis

Elbow bursitis, also known as Students elbow or Olecranon bursitis, is the inflammation and swelling of the bursa which protects the end of the ulna bone at the back of the elbow. Repeatedly leaning on elbows (like many students do) can cause pain as the bursa can become inflamed. This elbow injury could also be caused by a direct impact. Read more on the symptoms, causes, and treatments for this injury.

Ulna nerve

Ulna Nerve Contusion

Ulna Nerve Contusion

The ulnar nerve runs down the inside of the elbow. If you knock the inside of the elbow, you can hit the ulnar nerve (or funny bone) which causes a numbness or tingling down the forearm into the fourth and fifth fingers. When this nerve becomes trapped or damaged through repetitive strain or a direct impact, it creates this sensation and can cause elbow pain.