Swelling or bruising

Sternoclavicular injury

Sternoclavicular Sprain

The collarbone connects to the sternum or breastbone in the middle of the chest at the top. If the shoulder is subjected to a hard impact, this joint (known as the sternoclavicular joint), can become injured. There will be pain located on the joint which may spread into the shoulder. Medical help should be consulted …

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Pec Strain

The pectoralis major muscle is a large powerful muscle at the front of the chest. It is used to rotate the arm inwards. Its weak point is at the tendon where it attaches to the arm bone. The front of the shoulder will be painful and swell up, and the muscle may have visibly changed. …

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Bruised Sternum & Sternum Fracture

The sternum is also known as the breast bone. Direct trauma or impact can cause a contusion or in more severe cases a sternum fracture may occur. On this page: Bruised sternum explained Sternum fracture explained Sternoclavicular sprain Bruised sternum A bruised sternum, or sternum contusion as it is also known, occurs after an impact …

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Bruised Ribs & Rib Fractures

The most common injuries to the ribs are contusions and fractures caused by direct impact. A stress fracture of the rib can also occur. On this page: Rib contusion Rib fracture Stress fracture of the ribs Costochondral separation / Rib separation Bruised ribs Bruised ribs or a rib contusion occurs following a direct impact to …

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Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

The peroneal tendon runs behind the lateral malleolus or the bony bit on the outer ankle. Repeated dislocation or slipping can mean the tendon rubs against the bone, causing inflammation. Outside ankle pain is the main symptom and is common among athletes with unstable ankles, whether from previous injuries or lack of muscle strength. Peroneal …

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Talar bone

Stress Fracture of the Talus

The talus bone is the bone at the top of the ankle which the tibia or shin bone sits on. Stress fractures of the talus are sometimes seen in footballers and track and field athletes. Exercise will often cause the outside ankle pain to feel worse. Overpronation can increase the risk of this ankle injury, …

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