A bunion is a painful swelling in the forefoot, specifically at the base of the big toe. Here we demonstrate a simple sports taping technique to relieve bunion pain.
The following is for information purposes only. We recommend seeking professional advice before attempting any bunion treatment or rehabilitation.
Aim of bunion taping
The aim is to support the inside of the MTP joint at the base of the big toe. The MTP joint stands for metatarsophalangeal joint. It simply means the joint between the metatarsal bone and the phalanges (toe) bones.
Separating the big toe and the next one with a 1 cm thick piece of foam can relieve painful symptoms. This can be fixed in place with some zinc oxide plaster tape and has the effect of straightening the great toe and relieving pressure on the painful area.
What tape is required?
- 2.5cm (1 inch) non stretch zinc oxide sports tape.
- 3.8cm (1.5 inch) non stretch non stretch zinc oxide sports tape.
Bunion taping step 1
- Using the 1.5-inch nonstretch tape, apply 2 anchors to the middle of the foot.
- Spread the toes when securing the anchor to simulate weight-bearing so the foot is not constricted when the athlete stands up.
- Using the 1-inch tape, apply two anchors, one overlapping the other to the big toe.
- Ensure these are not too tight!
- Pull the big toe outwards (towards us in the image).
- Apply a strip of 1-inch tape from the toe, down the inside of the foot and secure.
- Repeat this twice more, overlapping each strip.
- Finish off by applying two overlapping one-inch strips over the big toe to secure the ends of the supporting strips.
- If there is not enough support from the supporting strips at this point then they can be detached and re-attached a little tighter.
- Finally, secure the taping by applying two overlapping 1.5-inch strips over the middle of the foot.
Further information & research on Bunion taping
- The effects of taping and foot exercises on patients with hallux valgus: a preliminary study. BANU BAYAR, SUAT EREL, et al. Scientific & Technological Research Council of Turkey.