Back pain can be either acute or chronic. Acute symptoms come on suddenly from a specific incident or injury. it is particularly painful. Or it can be a chronic, long-term back injury.
Gradual onset back pain
Mild or moderate pain can be from a chronic or long-term back problem or can follow a bout of acute pain. It may be difficult to diagnose a specific cause of long-term low back pain. This is because there are so many structures which can cause or contribute. Getting good professional advice to diagnose the cause of your problem is a good point to start, along with doing everything in your power to reduce painful symptoms.
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Acute back pain
Acute symptoms usually comes on suddenly from a movement, such as bending over or twisting as is more ‘acutely painful’ than more long term chronic conditions.
It may often result from a chronic or long-term back injury which flares up worse from time to time or could be from a specific incident which has caused a muscle strain, ligament sprain or injury to other structures in the back. Immediate first aid is to get the patient in the most comfortable position. If a muscle strain or similar is suspected, or for any swelling or bruising then apply cold therapy and compression to the area.
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Preventing Back Pain
Prevention is always better than a cure. Avoiding back pain is not just about correct sports technique, but managing all aspects of your life with respect to back care. In particular, this includes back pain when driving, at work, posture, inversion therapy, and kinesiology taping for the lower back. Sitting for long periods in cars is not good for the back, so getting the right seat position and making frequent stops can help. Posture at work is probably one of the most important aspects to consider, not just for upper and neck but the lumbar region of the spine as well.
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Low Back Injuries
Back pain can result from a number of causes. Many are muscular or ligament injuries, but there are other specific injuries which can be diagnosed. These include Sciatica (which is a symptom, not an injury), Slipped disc (prolapsed disc), Sacroiliac joint sprain, Spinal compression fracture, Paravertebral & gluteal trigger points, and Iliolumbar ligament sprain. Most back injuries will settle with appropriate rest and treatment, however, some require further assessment.
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