Femur Fracture (Acute)

Femur fracture

A Femur fracture is a rare, but very serious injury caused by sudden, severe trauma. If you suspect a fracture seek emergency medical attention immediately.

Advert

Signs & symptoms

Femur fractures are more common in road traffic accidents. Signs and symptoms are:

  • Severe thigh pain.
  • Deformity of your leg. For, example, it may be at an angle or appear shorter than the other.
  • You will have a considerable amount of swelling.

It is important to look out for signs of injury to other structures, such as blood vessels and nerves. These include:

  • Immediate bruising.
  • A cold or pale lower leg or foot. This indicates possible restricted circulation.
  • Tingling or numbness in the lower leg or foot. indicating nerve damage.

What causes a broken femur?

Traumatic femur fractures occur from one specific force. It takes a lot of force to break the femur as it is a very strong, thick bone. For this reason, broken femurs are most frequently seen in road traffic accidents and falls. They are rare in sport.

Who is at risk?

The elderly, especially those affected by Osteoporosis are more susceptible to femur fractures. If you break your femur then you are very likely to have other injuries or complications as well. An open fracture is one where the bone has puntured the skin. As a result, the risk of infection is higher.

Femur fracture treatment

The type of treatment needed depends on the extent of the damage and your age.

For example, in young children immobilizing the leg in a cast may be sufficient.

However, in adults and adolescents, casting is not usually recommended unless the leg is also placed in traction. Due to the length of stay in hospital stay this form of treatment is rarely used.

Surgical fixation is used most frequently. Blood flow to the femur is poor. As a result, it takes a long time to heal. Therefore, the surgeon will pin or plate the two sections of bone together. Once it has healed, the plate or pins are usually removed.

Recovery time

Generally, a thigh bone fracture will take 3-6 months to heal completely.

A thorough rehabilitation program should be undertaken to regain full movement, strength, and balance.

Related articles

  • Front thigh pain

    Pain at the front of the thigh is also known as anterior thigh pain. Here we explain the common causes, as well as some less…

  • Femur Stress Fracture

    A Femur stress fracture is a hairline fracture of the femur (thigh bone). Although quite rare, it is caused by prolonged overuse. Pain develops gradually…

  • Fibula fracture

    A fibula fracture can occur at the same time as a tibia fracture, or they can occur on their own in isolation. They are usually…

  • Elbow avulsion

    An elbow avulsion fracture occurs when a tendon or ligament tears, pulling a small fragment of bone away with it. It is more common in…

  • Posterior thigh pain

    Pain at the back of the thigh is known as posterior thigh pain. Here we explain the common, and less common injuries and causes of…

  • Thigh contusion

    A thigh contusion is also known as a dead leg or charley horse. It is caused by direct trauma or impact to the muscle, crushing…

  • Thigh pain

    Here we explain the more common, and less common causes of groin and thigh pain. Click headings below to expand: Pain at the back of…

  • Thigh stretches

    Here we outline and explain thigh stretching exercises which are used in the rehabilitation of thigh exercises. The main muscles in the thigh are the…

Scroll to Top