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An elbow hyperextension injury occurs when the elbow is bent back the wrong way. This over-straightening causes damage to the ligaments and structures of the elbow.
Symptoms of elbow hyperextension
This type of injury occurs most frequently in contact sports such as rugby or martial arts. Instant pain as the arm is forced straight. Pain will be felt at the front of the elbow and some swelling may appear. The biceps muscle may spasm to protect the joint, making it difficult to straighten the arm.
Immediate treatment involves application of cold therapy and compression. Rest until symptoms resolve. Wear a support or heat retainer. Apply elbow strapping to prevent the elbow from hyper extending (bending backwards) whilst healing.
A professional therapist may use electrotherapy such as ultrasound to help reduce pain and swelling as well as advise on a full rehabilitation program.