Direct impact to the chest

Breast contusion

Breast contusion

A breast contusion is bruising of the breast tissue, caused by a direct impact on the area. Common examples of this are being hit by a ball such as in hockey or cricket or being

Collapsed lung

Collapsed Lung or Pneumothorax

A collapsed lung is also known as a pneumothorax. It occurs when there is a build-up of air in the space between the lungs and the rib cage. Here we explain the symptoms, causes, and

Sternoclavicular injury

Sternoclavicular Sprain

The collarbone connects to the sternum or breastbone in the middle of the chest at the top. If the shoulder is subjected to a hard impact, this joint (known as the sternoclavicular joint), can become

Sternum injury

Sternum Fracture

A Sternum fracture is a break of the breastbone in the middle of the chest. In more severe cases it dislocates at the sternoclavicular joint. Sternum fracture symptoms Symptoms of a fractured sternum include: Sudden

Rib injuries

Bruised Ribs & Rib Fractures

The most common injuries to the ribs are contusions and fractures caused by direct impact. A stress fracture of the rib is rare, but can also occur through overuse. Here we explain the symptoms, causes,

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