Patella pain (kneecap)

Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Chondromalacia patella symptoms Symptoms are similar to that of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Pain and swelling at the front of the knee, especially over and around the …

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Housemaids Knee

Knee Bursitis (Housemaid’s Knee)

Knee bursitis is inflammation of a small sac of fluid called a bursa. There are a number in the knee joint and their function is to lubricate movement between tendons and bone. The most common is prepatellar bursitis, also known as Housemaid’s knee. Symptoms of prepatellar bursitis Symptoms of Housemaid’s knee include pain and tenderness …

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) results from the patella (kneecap) rubbing on the femur bone underneath. It is also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome. Patellofemoral pain syndrome symptoms Symptoms include an aching pain in the knee joint, particularly at the front of the knee and under the patella. …

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Jumpers knee

Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper’s knee)

Jumper’s knee is also known as patellar tendonitis or patella tendinopathy. It is an overuse injury causing pain at the front of the knee, specifically at the bottom of the kneecap (patella). Here we explain the symptoms, causes, treatment, and rehabilitation of Jumper’s knee. Patellar tendonitis symptoms The main symptom of Jumper’s knee is pain …

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Patellofemoral instability

Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap ‘slipping away’ or feeling loose. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain the types and causes of patella instability. Patellofemoral instability or kneecap instability may be …

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Patella injury

Acute Patella Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. This could include bruising or soft tissue injury but in more severe cases a fracture of the patella is also possible. Patellofemoral pain is sometimes a complication to be aware of. Symptoms Sudden acute …

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Quadriceps tendinopathy

Quadriceps Tendonitis (Tendinopathy)

Quadriceps tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon of the quadriceps (thigh) muscle, where it inserts at the top of the patella. It is an overuse injury caused by too much running, jumping or squat type exercises. Symptoms of quadriceps tendonitis Quadriceps tendinopathy symptoms consist of pain over the top of the patella (kneecap) which is …

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Synovial Plica Irritation

A Synovial plica is a fold in the synovial membrane in the knee joint. It is sometimes confused with, or misdiagnosed as patellofemoral pain syndrome as the symptoms can be similar. Symptoms Symptoms of a synovial plica include a sharp pain at the front inside edge of the kneecap. The pain may also be towards …

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Patella Dislocation

Patella dislocation occurs when the kneecap dislocates outside of its normal position. This is usually around the outside of the knee. It can also partially dislocate, called a subluxation. The patella will sometimes go back to its original position, although this will be very painful. Symptoms of patella dislocation Pain will be felt immediately at …

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