Patella pain (kneecap)

The following injuries cause kneecap or patella pain which may occur under the patella, at the bottom (lower pole), or along the top where the quadriceps muscles attaches.

Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Medically reviewed by Dr Chaminda

Knee bursitis

Knee Bursitis (Housemaid’s Knee)

Knee bursitis is the inflammation of a small sac of fluid called a bursa. There is a number in the knee joint and their function is to lubricate movement between tendons and bone. The most

Patellofemoral instability

Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral instability is a sensation of the kneecap slipping or feeling loose. It causes pain and swelling at the front of the knee and has a number of causes including previous patella dislocation injury. We

Acute patellla injury

Acute Patella Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella. It often results from a direct blow or a fall onto the knee. Medically reviewed by Dr. Chaminda Goonetilleke, 21st Dec. 2021 Symptoms

Fat pad impingement knee

Knee Fat Pad Impingement

Fat pad impingement occurs when the infrapatellar fat pad or ‘Hoffa’s pad’ becomes impinged between the patella (kneecap) and femoral condyle (thigh bone). It usually occurs from a severe impact on the knee. Medically reviewed

Synovial plica

Synovial Plica Irritation

A Synovial plica is a fold of the synovial membrane in the knee joint. It has similar symptoms to patellofemoral pain. As a result, it is often misdiagnosed or missed. Medically reviewed by Dr Chaminda

Patella dislocation

Patella Dislocation

Patella dislocation occurs when the kneecap dislocates outside of its normal position. This is usually around the outside of the knee. It can also partially dislocate, called a subluxation. The patella will sometimes go back

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