Patella pain (kneecap)

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome. It is a general term used to describe patella pain of which there are a number of causes. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Self-help treatment Taping What can a professional do? Go …

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Read More »

Jumpers knee

Jumper’s Knee | Patella Tendinopathy

Jumper’s knee is also known as patellar tendonitis or patella tendinopathy. It causes pain at the front of the knee, specifically at the bottom of the kneecap (patella). On this page: Symptoms Causes & anatomy Treatment Taping Massage Surgery Go straight to: Stretching exercises Strengthening exercises Symptom tracker tool Jumper’s knee symptoms The main symptom …

Jumper’s Knee | Patella Tendinopathy Read More »

Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Here we explain the injury as well as treatment, strapping and exercises. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Treatment Patella taping Exercises …

Chondromalacia Patella Read More »

Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap ‘slipping away’ or feeling loose on a movement of the knee. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain both primary and secondary instability. Patellofemoral instability or …

Patellofemoral Instability Read More »

Patella injury

Acute Patella Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. This could include bruising or soft tissue injury but in more severe cases a fracture of the patella is also possible. Patellofemoral pain is sometimes a complication to be aware of. Symptoms Sudden acute …

Acute Patella Injury Read More »

Quadriceps tendinopathy

Quadriceps Tendinopathy

Quadriceps tendinopathy (tendinitis) is inflammation or more likely degeneration of the quadriceps tendon at the top of the patella. On this page: Symptoms Causes & anatomy Treatment Exercises Symptoms of quadriceps tendinopathy Quadriceps tendinopathy symptoms consist of pain over the top of the patella (kneecap) which is felt during and after exercise. There may be …

Quadriceps Tendinopathy Read More »

Housemaid’s Knee & Knee Bursitis

A bursa is a small sac of fluid whose function is to lubricate the movement between tendons and bone. There are a number of them around the knee which can become painful and inflamed. The more common are prepatella bursitis, also known as housemaids knee, and infrapatella bursitis. On this page: Housemaid’s knee (prepatellar bursitis) …

Housemaid’s Knee & Knee Bursitis Read More »

Synovial Plica Irritation

The synovial plica is a synovial fold found along the inside of the kneecap causing pain and discomfort. It is sometimes be confused or misdiagnosed as patellofemoral pain syndrome as the symptoms can be similar. Synovial plica symptoms Symptoms of a synovial plica include a sharp pain at the front inside edge of the kneecap. …

Synovial Plica Irritation Read More »

Patella Dislocation

The patella can dislocate outside of its normal position, usually around the outside of the knee. It can also partially dislocate, called a subluxation. The kneecap will often be visibly displaced and is often caused by a direct impact or a severe twisting action. The patella will sometimes go back to its original position, although …

Patella Dislocation Read More »