Shin Pain & Shin Injuries

Pain in the shin is usually gradual onset and can be difficult to get rid of. Shin splints are known as pain on the inside of the shin but are not a diagnosis in itself but a description of symptoms. Most causes of shin pain in athletes are from bone stress, insufficient blood flow, tendon inflammation, compartment syndrome or nerve entrapment.

Here we explain the causes of shin pain. Repetitive forces, overuse and poor biomechanics can contribute to the risk of this injury, with direct, acute injuries more rare. The pain can be located on the inside or outside of the shin bone, or on the bone itself. Muscles, tissues and tendons around the shin bone may also become inflamed and cause lower leg pain.

Shin Splints

Shin splints is not a specific injury itself but are the common name often given to pain at the front of the lower leg of which there may be a number of causes. The most common cause is medial tibial stress syndrome. Here we explain the symptoms, treatment, and rehabilitation of medial tibial stress syndrome to cure and prevent it from recurring.

Anterior Compartment Syndrome

Anterior compartment syndrome, also known as anterior shin splints arises when the big muscle on the outside front of the lower leg becomes too big for the sheath that surrounds it causing pain.

Tibia Stress Fracture

The tibia is the larger of the two shin bones and as a weight-bearing bone is more susceptible to stress fractures, particularly in the lower third. We explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of a stress fracture in the tibia.

Fibula Fracture

An acute fracture of the fibula bone in the lower leg occurs as a result of a direct trauma or impact to the leg or ankle. Stress fractures can also occur from overuse or repetitive impacts.

Tibia Fracture

The tibia is the big bone in the lower leg. A tibial fracture is the most common injury of all long bone fractures and takes a variety of forms but usually involves a long period of immobility and a long recovery time.