Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by compression of the median nerve resulting in chronic wrist pain. Symptoms include a dull ache, numbness or pins and needles in the wrist and forearm, which may radiate into the hand and fingers, and is often worse at night. Treatment includes rest, bracing and in some cases surgery.
RSI or repetitive strain injury is a general term rather than a specific diagnosis used to describe gradual onset pain, usually in the forearm, wrist, and hand. RSI is a term that covers several different causes of wrist pain, but all are exacerbated by certain repetitive movements, whether they’re from sport or from work. We look in more detail at the causes and treatments of this wrist injury.
Anterior Interosseous Syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy of the anterior interosseous nerve – a branch of the Median nerve. This nerve branches off from the median nerve, just above the inner elbow. In this condition, the nerve becomes compressed, causing symptoms like pain in the upper arm and difficulty moving the thumb, index finger, and middle finger.
Forearm splints are similar to shin splints in the lower leg, although far less common. It comes on gradually, occurring in those who repetitively use their wrist, contracting the forearm muscles. The pain in the arm is normally dull and increases with movement, so resting from the activity is the simplest way to help this injury.
Pronator teres syndrome is an entrapment of the median nerve, where it passes between the two parts of the pronator teres muscle in the arm causing pain, numbness and tingling in the forearm and hand. As the name indicates, pronating the hand (turning the hand with the palm facing down) can cause and exacerbate this arm injury.