Skull fracture

Skull fracture

A skull fracture is a break to one of the bones which form the head. These include the cranium at the back of the head, parietal bones on the side and frontal bone or forehead. Symptoms of a skull fracture Bleeding from the wound, eyes, ears or nose. Bruising behind the ears or under the …

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Concussion assessment


Concussion in sport has gained much attention over the recent years. A lot of research has gone into identifying and prevention concussion which is now much better understood.

Abdominal pain in athletes

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can result from direct impact or trauma to the stomach. Or it could be gastrointestinal related with abdominal cramps, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Here we outline the causes of stomach pain and injuries which can affect athletes. Acute abdominal pain The following are all possible injuries or complications which can be caused by a …

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Headaches in sport

Headaches In Sport

Headaches are an extremely common complaint. They vary in pain intensity, pattern and location from individual to individual. Although irritating the majority of headaches do not require medical intervention. When to seek medical advice Medical attention should be sought for a headache if it is new and unaccustomed or if you have regular headaches but …

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Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are small hard lumps which develop within the kidneys. They can develop from the waste products which are filtered through the kidneys forming crystalised masses. Symptoms of Kidney Stones Small kidney stones can be completely symptom-free and are passed out without the individual being aware they were ever there. Larger kidney stones may …

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Post Concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome is a complication of concussion which may develop some time after the initial injury. There is a range of symptoms including headaches, lack of concentration or even depression, which the athlete may not initially associate with a previous concussion. Symptoms Post-concussion syndrome symptoms can occur some time after the initial head injury or …

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