Shin/Calf swelling

Fibula Fracture

Fibula Fracture

A fibula fracture can occur at the same time as a tibia fracture, or they can occur on their own in isolation. They are usually caused by landing on a twisted foot, or from direct impact or trauma. Immediate medical attention is needed if a lower leg fracture is suspected. Stress fractures of the fibula can also occur from overuse or repetitive strain.

Lateral Compartment Syndrome

Lateral Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome occurs when the muscles swell too big for the surrounding sheath. The syndrome can be acute (if caused by a direct injury) or chronic (if it has come on over time). This calf injury creates excess pressure in the muscle sheath which makes the lower leg painful, tender and sometimes swell up.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights. It is very important this is not misdiagnosed as a calf strain.

Leg contusion & bruising

Contusion of the Lower Leg

Contusion - Lower Leg

A contusion is a bruise resulting from a direct blow or impact. The bruise may be visible or not, depending on whether the bleeding goes out of the muscle sheath. There will normally be a pain when the leg is hit, ranging from mild to severe. Often the muscle is crushed against the bone. Read more on the symptoms of this calf injury and a full explanation of rehabilitation exercises you can do.