Shin/Calf swelling

Fibula Fracture

A fibula fracture can occur at the same time as a tibia fracture, or they can occur on their own in isolation. They are usually caused by landing on a twisted foot, or from direct impact or trauma. Immediate medical attention is needed if a lower leg fracture is suspected. Stress fractures of the fibula …

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Calf strain

Calf Strain | Torn Calf Muscle

A calf strain is a tear to one or more of the muscles at the back of the lower leg. Treatment should include cold therapy, compression, massage, stretching, strengthening and sports specific exercises. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Treatment Sports massage Go straight to: Calf strain diagnosis tool Exercises Rehabilitation program …

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Lateral Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome occurs when the muscles swell too big for the surrounding sheath. The syndrome can be acute (if caused by a direct injury) or chronic (if it has come on over time). This calf injury creates excess pressure in the muscle sheath which makes the lower leg painful, tender and sometimes swell up. The …

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Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights. It is very important this is not misdiagnosed as a calf strain. DVT symptoms Deep Vein Thrombosis symptoms consist of a constant pain usually in the calf muscle …

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Leg contusion & bruising

Contusion of the Lower Leg

A contusion is caused by a direct impact or trauma to a muscle. Bruising may or may not be visible. Symptoms of a calf contusion Calf contusion symptoms will include an obvious instant pain on impact which may vary in severity from a niggle to a disabling pain depending on how bad impact is. For …

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