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Sports injuries can be classified into either acute or overuse. Acute injuries usually come on suddenly and are caused by a direct blow or collision. Or they are caused internally such as a ligament sprain or torn muscle. Overuse injuries come on gradually from repetitive strain.
- Arm and elbow injuries
- Buttock, hip and groin
- Chest and abdomen
- Foot pain
- General injuries and conditions
- Head and face injuries
- Knee injuries
- Low back pain
- Shin, calf and anke
- Shoulder injuries
- Thigh pain
- Upper back and neck
- Wrist and hand
Acute sports injuries
Acute injuries can occur to bones and joints or to soft tissue such as muscles, ligaments or nerves.
- Fractures: a break in a bone.
- Periostial contusion: bruising to the periostium or sheath surrounding the bone.
- Osteochondral fracture: injury to the articular cartilage which protects the ends of bones.
- Dislocation: occurs when a bone is displaced out of its joint
- Subluxation: occurs when a bone partially displaces out of the joint.
- Strain: a tear to a muscle or tendon.Sprain: tear to a ligament
- Contusion: a direct blow or impact to a muscle.
- Cramp: occurs when the muscle goes into involuntary spasm.
- Acute bursitis: inflammation or swelling to a bursa or small sack of fluid found in joints between a tendon and a bone.
- Neuroplaxia: is an injury to a nerve.
- Laceration is a cut to the skin.
- Abrasion is a friction injury to the skin.
- Stress fracture is a hairline fracture to a bone caused by repetitive strain or overuse.
- Periostitis is inflammation of the sheath surrounding the bone.
- Chondromalacia is a softening of the articular cartilage such as occurs under the patella.
- Synovitis is inflammation of the synovial membrane which holds the lubricating synovial fluid in joints.
- Osteoarthritis is wear and tear in the joints.
- Chronic compartment syndrome occurs when a muscle grows too big for the sheath that surrounds it causing pressure and pain.
- Tendinopathy describes degenerative type injury to tendons.
- Bursitis or inflammation of the bursa usually occurs gradually.
- Blisters and Calluses are examples of over use injuries to the skin.