Local knee swelling

Here we list knee injuries which have symptom of local swelling. This means swelling occurs at a specific point rather than throughout the whole knee joint.

Biceps femoris tendinopathy

Hamstring Tendonitis

Hamstring tendonitis/tendinopathy is inflammation or degeneration of one of the hamstring tendons at the point where it attaches to the back of the knee. Of the three hamstring muscles at the back of the thigh

Bakers Cyst

Baker’s Cyst

A Baker’s Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee. It is caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint. Medically reviewed by Dr Chaminda Goonetilleke,

Knee bursitis

Knee Bursitis (Housemaid’s Knee)

Knee bursitis is the inflammation of a small sac of fluid called a bursa. There is a number in the knee joint and their function is to lubricate movement between tendons and bone. The most

Pes anserine bursitis tendonitis

Pes Anserine Bursitis & Tendinopathy

Pes anserine bursitis/tendinopathy is a less common cause of pain on the inside of the knee. A bursa is a small fluid sac that sits under the tendon. Either the tendon, bursa, or both may become inflamed.

Sinding Larsen Johansson

Sinding Larsen Johansson Lesion

Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Lesion or syndrome affects young athletes and children causing pain at the front of the knee, at the lowest point of the patella or kneecap. Symptoms are very similar to Patella tendonitis, but the

Biceps femoris avulsion

Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion

A biceps femoris avulsion strain or fracture occurs when the tendon comes away from the bone, taking a small fragment of bone with it causing pain and swelling at the outside back of the knee.

Hamstring tendon strain

Hamstring Tendon Strain

A hamstring tendon strain is a tear or rupture of a hamstring tendon at the back of the knee. The most common is a Biceps femoris tendon strain. A hamstring avulsion strain occurs if the

Posteriolateral corner injury

Posterolateral Corner Injury

Posterolateral corner injury causes pain in the back and outside of the knee. They are not particularly common injuries, although around half of the cases occur due to sporting injuries, with road traffic accidents being

Fat pad impingement knee

Knee Fat Pad Impingement

Fat pad impingement occurs when the infrapatellar fat pad or ‘Hoffa’s pad’ becomes impinged between the patella (kneecap) and femoral condyle (thigh bone). It usually occurs from a severe impact on the knee. Medically reviewed

Gastrocnemius tendinopathy

Gastrocnemius Tendonitis

Gastrocnemius tendonitis is inflammation of the gastrocnemius tendon at the back of the knee. It is most likely an overuse injury, more common in runners and sprinters. The gastrocnemius is one of the large muscles

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