Shoulder swelling

Posterior shoulder dislocation

Posterior Shoulder Dislocation

Posterior Shoulder Dislocation

A posterior shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus moves backward out of the socket. This is a relatively rare injury as most shoulder dislocations are anterior. It may be caused by contact sports, car accidents or a fall. This shoulder injury results in a complete loss of function and severe pain, for which medical help is urgently needed.

Pec Major Tendon Strain (Rupture)

Pec Major - Strain

The pectoralis major muscle is a large powerful muscle at the front of the chest. It is used to rotate the arm inwards. Its weak point is where the tendon attaches to the arm bone, and a strain or rupture can happen here when it is put under stress, when weight training for example. Symptoms of this shoulder injury include pain and swelling at the front of the shoulder.

Long Head of Biceps Rupture

Long Head Biceps Rupture

The biceps muscle splits into two tendons at the shoulder. The long tendon runs over the top of the humerus bone and can suffer a partial rupture causing pain at the front of the shoulder. This shoulder injury is more common in older athletes and can cause pain down the arm and swelling in the joint.

Clavicle Fracture

Clavicle Fracture

A clavicle fracture, or broken collarbone as it is also known, is a fracture of the clavicle bone. The clavicle runs along the front of the shoulder to the breastbone or sternum in the middle of the chest, and can be fractured by a fall. The fracture normally happens towards the middle of the bone but can also happen near the shoulder. The pain will be intense and medical help is needed immediately.

Dislocated shoulder

Dislocated Shoulder

Dislocated Shoulder

A dislocated shoulder is a traumatic and painful injury often caused by contact sports or from a fall. This shoulder injury can do further damage to the area surrounding the joint so it is important to seek medical advice immediately if a shoulder dislocation is suspected.

Rotator cuff strain

Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff strain is a tear to any of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder and is common in throwing and racket sports. They are so called because their job is to rotate the arm at the shoulder and provide a supportive cuff around the joint. This shoulder injury can range from mild to severe and may be caused by activity in sports involving throwing and/or degeneration due to overuse.