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Arm and elbow injuries
Tick the boxes below to filter symptoms and location of your elbow pain.
An acute elbow injury occurs through an impact or twisting of the joint. Gradual onset elbow injuries come on over a period of time, usually through overuse. Tennis elbow or lateral epiconylitis is probably the most common cause of gradual onset elbow pain.
The anterior interosseous nerve is a branch of the median nerve just above the inner elbow. Symptoms include difficulty moving the wrist with weakness in the middle fingers with pain in the upper forearm or elbow.
Injury to the Axillary nerve usually occurs as a result of a direct impact to the outer arm. Numbness over the outside of the shoulder and difficult raising the arm out to the side may be experienced. Over time the deltoid muscle wastes.
A biceps contusion is a bruising of the Biceps Brachii muscle in the upper arm due to a direct impact to the area. Arm pain, which can vary in severity will be felt with swelling and possibly bruising developing later.
Biceps tendonitis results in pain and inflammation of the biceps tendon as it inserts into the inside front of the elbow. Symptoms include a thickening and redness over the biceps tendon with pain, tenderness or discomfort.
A broken arm is a fracture or break in any one of the three arm bones, which consist of the humerus or upper arm bone and the radius and ulna in the forearm. Severe pain, swelling and deformity are usual symptoms.
An elbow fracture is a break in one of the bones that form the elbow joint. Various types of fracture can occur though a direct impact or trauma with severe pain, loss of function, swelling and possible deformity.
A bruised elbow or elbow contusion usually occurs as a result of a fall or impact to the elbow. Bruising and discoloration of the skin around the elbow gradually appears. The area will be tender to touch and there may be some swelling.
Cubital tunnel syndrome is also known as ulnar nerve compression or hitting your funny bone. Symptoms come and go initially becoming persistent over time. Tingling or numbness on the outside of the hand and little finger is felt.
Elbow dislocations are the second most common dislocations in adults, behind shoulder dislocations. Severe elbow pain with rapid swelling, deformity and bruising will occur. Immediate medical attention will be required.
A distal humerus plate fracture is a fracture to the growth plate at the end of the upper arm bone. Symptoms include sudden elbow pain on impact or trauma to the elbow. There will be rapid swelling, loss of movement and possible deformity.
Elbow bursitis also known as Students elbow or Olecranon bursitis is the inflammation and swelling of the bursa at the back of the elbow. Symptoms include pain at the back of the elbow with local swelling and tenderness.
Hyperextension elbow injuries occur when the arm is over-straightened. This causes damage to the soft tissues, especially at the front of the elbow. Pain will be felt at the front of the elbow and some swelling may appear.
Forearm Splints occur in those who repetitively use their wrist, contracting the forearm muscles. Symptoms consist of a dull ache in the forearm that gets worse with activity with wrist weakness and tenderness deep in the muscles.
Golfer’s elbow is a common cause of pain on the inside of the elbow. Symptoms are a gradual onset of pain at the bony part on the inside of the elbow. General weakness in the wrist and pain when gripping may also be felt.
A humerus fracture is a break in the upper arm bone. This may be anywhere in the bone, from the neck of the humerus near the shoulder, to the distal end at the elbow. Sudden severe pain with swelling and loss of function are symptoms.
Injury to the ligament on the inside of the elbow results in a sudden onset of elbow pain with local swelling and tenderness when pressing in on the inside of the elbow. Overuse can also be a cause such as in throwing sports.
Injury to the median nerve at the elbow from pressure resulting from a traumatic injury or fluid build up may cause forearm pain, wrist pain or pain in the hand. Weakness gripping, tingling and numbness are all possible symptoms.
Myositis Ossificans is a growth of bone that develops in a muscle, following a contusion. On impact, the muscle is crushed against the underlying bone. Over time a hard bony lump may be felt with tenderness, bruising and swelling.
The olecranon is the bony bit at the back of the elbow. A fracture occurs after an impact such as falling onto the elbow. Sudden intense pain at the back of the elbow with rapid swelling and bruising are symptoms.
Osteochondritis Dissecans is a fragmentation of the cartilage and sometimes the underlying bone within a joint. Locking and clicking in the elbow joint, occasional swelling, pain and loss of function are all possible symptoms.
Pronator teres syndrome is an entrapment of the median nerve, where it passes between the two parts of the pronator teres muscle in the arm causing pain, tingling and numbness in the palm and fingers with aching in the forearm.
The radial head can be felt on the inner side of the forearm, just below the elbow. A fracture occurs after a fall onto an outstretched hand or elbow dislocation. Instant swelling, elbow joint pain and loss of functions are likely symptoms.
Radial nerve injuries often have similar symptoms to tennis elbow with a gradual onset of lateral elbow pain (outside elbow pain). Tingling or numbness or pins and needles in the forearm or hand may suggest a nerve injury.
A broken forearm is usually a fracture to the radius bone, although may be a fracture of the ulna, or even both. Sudden intense pain with swelling and possible deformity will be seen. Medical attention should be sought.
A Supracondylar Fracture is a break to the lower part of the Humerus (upper arm bone), just above the elbow. It is most common in children following a fall onto an outstretched arm. Pain, swelling and bruising are likely to be seen.
Symptoms consist of elbow pain about 1 to 2 cm down from the bony part on the outside of the joint called the lateral epicondyle. The patient will have weakness in the wrist and difficulty opening a door handle, shaking hands or straightening the hand and
The triceps muscle is found at the back of the upper arm. A strain is a tear of the muscle, usually caused by a forceful contraction to straighten the arm or prevent rapid flexion.
Symptoms include pain at the back of the elbow. It will be tender to touch pressing in just above the back of the elbow. Sudden pain will be felt with a tendon strain whilst inflammation will be gradual onset or following a strain.
An Ulna Fracture is a break in the ulna bone in the forearm due to sudden direct trauma or impact. Instant pain, swelling, tenderness over the fracture area are likely to be seen.
Long bones such as the ulna in the forearm grow from both ends at regions known as the growth plates or epiphyseal plates.
The ulnar nerve runs down the inside of the elbow. If you knock the inside of the elbow you can get a numbness or buzzing down the forearm into the forth finger. This is also sometimes known as hitting your funny bone.
Volkmann's Contracture is a deformity of the arm, wrist and fingers, caused by an injury to the arm such as a fracture or a crush injury.