Lisfranc’s Injury Assessment

Diagnosing a Lisfranc injury can be challenging because symptoms vary and may overlap with other foot injuries. However, there are several steps and diagnostic tools that healthcare professionals typically use to diagnose Lisfranc injuries:

  1. Clinical Evaluation: The healthcare provider will begin by taking a thorough medical history and conducting a physical examination. They will assess the patient’s symptoms, including pain, swelling, and tenderness in the midfoot region. They will also evaluate the mechanism of injury and any associated factors.
  2. Physical Examination: During the physical examination, the healthcare provider will carefully palpate (feel) the foot to identify areas of tenderness and assess for signs of instability or deformity. They may also perform specific maneuvers to assess the stability and range of motion of the foot and ankle.
  3. Imaging Studies:
    • X-rays: X-rays are often the first-line imaging study used to evaluate for Lisfranc injuries. They can help identify fractures, dislocations, or misalignments of the bones in the midfoot.
    • Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: CT scans provide detailed images of the bones and can be helpful for further evaluating complex fractures or assessing the extent of injury to the Lisfranc joint complex.
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI scans can provide detailed images of soft tissues, such as ligaments and cartilage, and may be used to evaluate for injuries to the ligaments and other soft tissue structures in the midfoot.
  4. Stress Testing: In some cases, stress testing may be performed to assess the stability of the Lisfranc joint complex. This may involve applying pressure or force to the foot in specific directions to evaluate for instability or abnormal motion.
  5. Comparison with the Contralateral Side: Comparing the injured foot with the uninjured foot can help identify differences in alignment, swelling, or range of motion that may indicate a Lisfranc injury.
  6. Consultation with a Specialist: In cases where the diagnosis is unclear or further evaluation is needed, the healthcare provider may refer the patient to an orthopedic surgeon or foot and ankle specialist for further assessment and management.

By combining a thorough clinical evaluation with appropriate imaging studies and, if necessary, consultation with a specialist, healthcare providers can accurately diagnose Lisfranc injuries and develop an appropriate treatment plan tailored to the individual patient’s needs. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for optimal outcomes and to prevent long-term complications.

Scroll to Top