Breast Contusion

Breast Contusion

A breast contusion is bruising of the breast tissue, caused by a direct impact to the area. Common examples of this are being hit by a ball such as in hockey or cricket or being elbowed in contact sports. Pain, tenderness and bruising are the main symptoms and these can be helped by icing the area and supporting the breast.

Breast contusion symptoms

Symptoms of a breast contusion will be the obvious pain at the point of impact. Afterward, the patient will feel tenderness and bruising may appear. The breast may appear swollen compared to the other one.

Structure of the breast

The breasts are composed of mainly fatty tissue with the mammary glands and muscle. The muscle is deep so cannot help much in supporting the breast.

Coopers Ligaments help hold the breasts up. They are thin bands interwoven into the breast and are not very strong. If the breasts are not supported properly with a good sports bra then repetitive bouncing from running can stretch the Coopers ligaments permanently.

The main injuries affecting breasts are nipple problems (joggers nipple or friction injury), a direct blow to the breast causing a contusion and repetitive trauma caused by constant movement and bouncing whilst running (jogger's breast).


Apply cold therapy and support the area.  Occasionally if the injury is bad you may need to see a Doctor who will aspirate the injury (suck of the fluid with a needle). Wearing the correct sports bra which can include padding for protection. In some sports such as martial arts, a plastic cupped bra can be worn over the top

Read more on:

Costochondral Separation

A Costochondral separation, sometimes known as a rib separation, usually occurs after a direct impact. This injury occurs when a rib becomes separated from the costochondral joint (made from...

Bruised Ribs (Rib Contusion)

Bruised ribs or a rib contusion occurs following a direct impact to the chest. This may be because of a fall or direct impact from a hard object, but the most common cause is a car accident. Chest...

Pec Strain

The pectoralis major muscle is a large powerful muscle at the front of the chest. It is used to rotate the arm inwards. Its weak point is at the tendon where it attaches to the arm bone. The front...

Bruised Sternum

A bruised sternum, or sternum contusion as it is also known, occurs after an impact to the sternum or breastbone. This most frequently occurs after road traffic accidents, although collision sports...