Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term used to describe patella pain at the front of the knee. Here we explain the symptoms, common causes, treatment and exercises.
Knee joint pain
Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Here we explain the injury as well as treatment, strapping and exercises.
Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap ‘slipping away’ or feeling loose on a movement of the knee. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain both primary and secondary instability.
The unhappy triad is a severe injury which involves damage to three of the four major ligaments in the knee. This is a major knee injury that often occurs after a severe impact. Severe knee pain, difficulty moving the knee and a tearing sound at the time of injury are the main symptoms
Articular cartilage injury is damage to the tough, thin cartilage that lines the ends of bones. It is often caused by a collision or trauma to the knee or in conjunction with other knee joint injuries. Here explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of an articular cartilage injury to the knee
An Osteochondral fracture is a tear of the cartilage which covers the end of a bone, within a joint. It is also known as Osteochondritis Dissecans and is common in the knee joint, especially in association with other injuries such as ACL tears
Knee synovitis occurs when the synovial membrane which lines and lubricates the knee joint, becomes inflamed. Swelling or stiffness in the knee joint may develop following another injury or from arthritis or gout. The treatment of this knee injury depends on the underlying cause of the condition.
Dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint occurs most commonly when the athlete sustains an impact or falls with their knee in a fully bent position. It is an injury to the joint at the top of the shin where the two shin bones meet at the knee.