Knee joint swelling

Lateral knee ligament sprain

Lateral Knee Ligament Sprain

A lateral ligament sprain is a knee injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee. It most commonly occurs following a direct blow to the inside of the knee. However, it can develop gradually through overuse. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Treatment Sports massage Surgery Go …

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Treatment Go straight to: Patella taping Exercises Patellofemoral pain syndrome symptoms Symptoms include an aching pain in the knee joint, particularly at the front of the knee …

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Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Here we explain the injury as well as treatment, strapping and exercises. On this page: Symptoms & diagnosis Causes & anatomy Treatment Patella taping Exercises …

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Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap ‘slipping away’ or feeling loose on a movement of the knee. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain both primary and secondary instability. Patellofemoral instability or …

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Unhappy Triad of the Knee

The unhappy triad is a severe injury which involves damage to three of the four major ligaments in the knee. This is a major knee injury that often occurs after a severe impact. The unhappy triad, also known as the terrible triad, or o’donoghues triad is a severe knee injury. It involves full or partial …

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Articular Cartilage Injury

Articular cartilage injury is damage to the tough, thin cartilage that lines the ends of bones. It is often caused by a collision or trauma to the knee or in conjunction with other knee joint injuries. Here explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of an articular cartilage injury to the knee. Symptoms of articular cartilage …

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Patella injury

Acute Patella Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. This could include bruising or soft tissue injury but in more severe cases a fracture of the patella is also possible. Patellofemoral pain is sometimes a complication to be aware of. Symptoms Sudden acute …

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Osteochondral Knee Fracture

An Osteochondral fracture is a tear of the cartilage which covers the end of a bone, within a joint. It is also known as Osteochondritis Dissecans and is common in the knee joint, especially in association with other injuries such as ACL tears. Osteochondral fracture symptoms The athlete will feel immediate pain at the time …

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