Knee joint swelling

The following sports injuries all have the symptom of knee joint swelling.

Torn cartilage meniscus

Torn Meniscus

A torn meniscus is a tear of one of the semi-circular cartilage discs in the knee joint. A medial meniscus tear on the inside of the knee is more common. It is caused by direct impact in contact sports or twisting. However, it may also occur in older athletes through gradual degeneration. Torn meniscus symptoms …

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Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Chondromalacia patella symptoms Symptoms are similar to that of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Pain and swelling at the front of the knee, especially over and around the …

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Unhappy triad knee injury

Unhappy Triad of the Knee

The unhappy triad is a severe injury which involves damage to three of the four major ligaments in the knee. This is a major knee injury that often occurs after a severe impact. What is the Unhappy triad injury? The unhappy triad, also known as the terrible triad, or O’Donoghue triad is a severe knee …

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Tibial plateau fracture

Tibial Plateau Fracture

A tibial plateau fracture is a break to the upper surface of the tibia (shin bone). The tibial plateau is prone to becoming fractured in high-speed accidents such as those associated with skiing, horse riding, and certain water sports. Tibial plateau fracture symptoms There is normally a recent history of trauma to the knee. Severe …

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Baker’s Cyst

A Baker’s Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee. It is usually caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint but the athlete is often unaware of the exact cause. Symptoms A Baker’s cyst is a rounded swelling at the back of the knee. It …

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Medial knee ligament sprain MCL

Medial Knee Ligament (MCL Sprain)

A Medial collateral knee ligament sprain or MCL sprain is a tear of the ligament on the inside of the knee. It is usually caused by twisting or direct impact, but may develop gradually over time through overuse. Here we explain the symptoms, causes, treatment and rehabilitation of an MCL sprain. MCL sprain symptoms Medial …

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) results from the patella (kneecap) rubbing on the femur bone underneath. It is also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome. Patellofemoral pain syndrome symptoms Symptoms include an aching pain in the knee joint, particularly at the front of the knee and under the patella. …

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