Knee joint swelling

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runner’s knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term used to describe patella pain at the front of the knee. Here we explain the symptoms, common causes, treatment and exercises.

ACL sprain

ACL Tear | Anterior Cruciate Ligament Sprain

An ACL sprain is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee joint. If you suspect you have a torn ACL then seek professional medical attention. On this page: Symptoms Causes & anatomy Treatment ACL taping Exercises Surgery Torn ACL symptoms ACL tears usually occur as a result of a twisting movement when …

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Chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Here we explain the injury as well as treatment, strapping and exercises.

Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral Instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap ‘slipping away’ or feeling loose on a movement of the knee. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain both primary and secondary instability.

Unhappy Triad of the Knee

Unhappy Triad

The unhappy triad is a severe injury which involves damage to three of the four major ligaments in the knee. This is a major knee injury that often occurs after a severe impact. Severe knee pain, difficulty moving the knee and a tearing sound at the time of injury are the main symptoms.

Articular Cartilage Injury

Articular cartilage injury

Articular cartilage injury is damage to the tough, thin cartilage that lines the ends of bones. It is often caused by a collision or trauma to the knee or in conjunction with other knee joint injuries. Here explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of an articular cartilage injury to the knee.

Patella injury

Acute Patella Injury

Acute Patella Injury

An acute patella injury is an injury to the kneecap or patella from a direct blow or fall onto the knee. This could include bruising or soft tissue injury but in more severe cases a fracture of the patella is also possible. Patellofemoral pain is sometimes a complication to be aware of.